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Military Geosciences in the Twenty-First Century

Editors: Russell S. Harmon, Sophie E. Baker, and Eric V. McDonald
Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 22



Military geosciences are concerned with using the broad scope of the earth sciences for military purposes. These purposes range from direct support for military operations to a broad spectrum of non-combat military activities and military land management applications. Historically, the focus has been on geology and geography, but other earth science disciplines such as geophysics, remote sensing, and geocomputation have become increasingly important as a consequence of technological progress made during the final decades of the twentieth century. The eighteen chapters in this volume address the critical aspects of the role of geosciences in military undertakings by focusing on historical perspectives, geoscience for military operations, and military environmental stewardship.

From the Foreword:
Military Geosciences in the Twenty-First Century contains eighteen chapters on military geology, addressing the complex yet critical aspects of the role of geosciences in military undertakings. The papers cover a wide range of expertise drawn from the broad areas of geology, geomorphology, geography, geophysics, engineering geology, hydrogeology, cartography, environmental science, GIS/remote sensing, soil science, geoinformatics, and related disciplines that reflect the evolving multidisciplinary nature of military geology. The nature and scope of conflicts in modern time have expanded from physical military operations in extreme climatic and topographic environments to include remotely operated military hardware deployments, necessitating integration of the latest earth science information with computer-based decisions science to achieve maximum efficiency to meet war objectives, along with preservation and restoration of the unique ecosystems of the regions undergoing military actions.
Product Code:
REG022
Published:
August 30, 2014
ISBN Number:
978-0-8137-4122-2
Pages:
215
Member:
$50.00
Nonmember:
$72.00
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The Challenges of Dam Removal and River Restoration

Editors: Jerome V. De Graff and James E. Evans


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 21



River restoration is a societal goal in the United States. This collection of 14 research papers focuses on our current understanding of the impacts of removing dams and the role of dam removal in the larger context of river restoration. The chapters are grouped by topic: (1) assessment of existing dams, strategies to determine impounded legacy sediments, and evaluating whether or not to remove the dams; (2) case studies of the hydrologic, sediment, and ecosystem impacts of recent dam removals; (3) assessment of river restoration by modifying flows or removing dams; and (4) the concept of river restoration in the context of historic changes in river systems.
Product Code:
REG021
Published:
February 25, 2013
ISBN Number:
9780813741215
Pages:
203
Member:
$64.00
Nonmember:
$80.00
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Landslides and Engineering Geology, Seattle, Wash.

Full Title: Landslides and Engineering Geology of the Seattle, Washington, Area
Editors: Rex L. Baum, Jonathan W. Godt, and Lynn M. Highland


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 20

This volume brings together case studies and summary papers describing the application of state-of-the-art engineering geologic methods to landslide hazard analysis for the Seattle, Washington, area. An introductory chapter provides a thorough description of the Quaternary and bedrock geology of Seattle. Nine additional chapters review the history of landslide mapping in Seattle, present case studies of individual landslides, describe the results of spatial assessments of landslide hazard, discuss hydrologic controls on landsliding, and outline an early warning system for rainfall-induced landslides.

Product Code:
REG020
Published:
October 02, 2008
ISBN Number:
9780813741208
Pages:
181
Member:
$30.00
Nonmember:
$30.00
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Deep Geologic Repositories

Editor: Norbert T. Rempe


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 19

Deep Geologic Repositories reviews the success stories of underground waste isolation. It focuses on repositories that did, do, and will permanently and safely isolate dangerous materials from the near-surface biosphere. Complementary topics address the isolation capability of average crustal rock, investigations at one representative underground research laboratory, and the geologic preservation of fission products from Precambrian nuclear reactors. An international cast of contributors presents proven practical solutions to a formerly confounding issue in environmental and engineering geology: What do we do with wastes that retain their dangerous characteristics in human terms forever? The principal answer: Recycling into the lithosphere by “reverse” mining.

Product Code:
REG019
Published:
March 18, 2008
ISBN Number:
9780813741192
Pages:
119
Member:
$20.00
Nonmember:
$20.00
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Geology of Coal Fires

Full Title: Geology of Coal Fires: Case Studies from Around the World
Editor: Glenn B. Stracher


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 18


“A solid introduction to the broad topic [of coal fires] and ... essential reading for anyone embarking in further studies in this broad discipline.”
—James C. Hower,
International Journal of Coal Geology


“I would not be surprised if this beautifully illustrated book rekindled interest in efforts to better understand the phenomenon of uncontrolled coal fires, eventually leading to global efforts to extinguish those that are burning and protocols to prevent future fires.”
—Robert B. Finkelman, University of Texas at Austin


Geology of Coal Fires: Case Studies from Around the World is The Geological Society of America’s first publication devoted to “coal-fires science,” an exciting and interdisciplinary area of research gaining international attention in recent years. Coal fires are preserved globally in the rock record as burnt and volume-reduced coal seams and by pyrometamorphic rocks, explosion breccias, clinker, gas-vent-mineral assemblages, fire-induced faulting, ground fissures, slump blocks, and sinkholes. Coal fires are responsible for coronary and respiratory diseases and fatalities in humans, as well as arsenic and fluorine poisoning. The heat energy, toxic fumes, and solid by-products of combustion destroy floral and faunal habitats, while polluting the air, water, and soil. This volume includes chapters devoted to spontaneous combustion and greenhouse gases, gas-vent mineralogy and petrology, paralavas and combustion metamorphic rocks, geochronology and landforms, magnetic signatures and geophysical modeling, remote-sensing detection and fire-depth estimation of concealed fires, as well as coal fires and public policy.

Glenn Stracher starred in the National Geographic Channel movie Underground Inferno, which won the 2009 environmental short film award at the International Film Festival in India.

Product Code:
REG018
Published:
January 11, 2008
ISBN Number:
9780813741185
Pages:
278 pages plus index
Member:
$10.00
Nonmember:
$10.00
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Understanding and Responding to Hazardous Substances at...

Full Title: Understanding and Responding to Hazardous Substances at Mine Sites in the Western United States
Editor: Jerome V. DeGraff


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 17

This volume documents interesting approaches, techniques, and practical scientific considerations associated with mine site remediation. It also highlights how various federal, state, and local agencies and organizations are trying to bring the best science possible to bear on this serious problem. Some chapters focus on specific methods for characterization, particular contaminant issues, and impacts from the release of hazardous substances from mine and mill sites. Others describe successful response actions, technologies, or practical approaches for addressing contaminant releases to the environment.

Product Code:
REG017
Published:
July 24, 2007
ISBN Number:
9780813741178
Pages:
181
Member:
$10.00
Nonmember:
$10.00
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Humans as Geologic Agents

Editors: Judy Ehlen, William C. Haneberg, and Robert A. Larson


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 16

Homo sapiens is the only known species to consciously effect change to the Earth’s geologic environment. We reshape the Earth; intensify erosion; modify rivers; change local climates; pollute water resources, soils, and geologic media; and alter soils and the biosphere. We dig holes in it, remove parts of it, and bury highly toxic materials in it. In this volume, the authors explore human impact on the Earth and attempt to answer the following questions. What have we done to Terra? How fast have we effected change? Are the changes permanent? Are they good, or have we inadvertently caused more damage? Can we, should we, repair some or all of these changes? These are important questions for the geoscience community because, as those most knowledgeable about the Earth and its resources, geologists play a major role in sustaining and preserving the Earth.

Product Code:
REG016
Published:
December 01, 2005
ISBN Number:
0813741165
Pages:
168
Member:
$10.00
Nonmember:
$10.00
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Catastrophic Landslides

Full Title: Catastrophic Landslides: Effects, Occurrence, and Mechanisms
Editors: Stephen G. Evans and Jerome V. DeGraff


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 15

This volume documents further advances in our knowledge of catastrophic landslides since the pioneering compilations of the late 1970s by Barry Voight. It provides a worldwide survey of catastrophic landslide events written by leading authorities. Catastrophic Landslides begins by drawing upon South America to dramatically illustrate the impact of these phenomena on human populations. The occurrence of catastrophic landslides, including site-specific insights, is shown through six events of the past 20 years. Several other chapters focus on the mechanisms involved with catastrophic landsides both in relation to geologic factors in a particular geographic area as well as to specific geologic processes.

Product Code:
REG015
Published:
December 20, 2002
ISBN Number:
0813741157
Pages:
412
Member:
$25.00
Nonmember:
$25.00
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The Environmental Legacy of Military Operations

Editors: Judy Ehlen and Russell S. Harmon


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 14

Military geology comprises research and practical efforts directed toward providing geological input for military construction, civil works projects (e.g., dams, navigable waterway maintenance), remediation of polluted military facilities, terrain analysis, sustainability of training lands, mobility prediction, and site characterization activities. Land use sustainability issues, base closures, and heightened levels of environmental awareness by the general public have introduced new challenges for using, maintaining, cleaning, and restoring lands that have served as military installations for decades. In this volume, the legacy of military operations and their impact on the terrain and geology, particularly from an environmental viewpoint, are considered by geologists of diverse lands and backgrounds. This book, a companion volume to Military Geology in War and Peace (Reviews in Engineering Geology, v. 13, 1998), emphasizes current research and applications of engineering geology principles and practice to modern day military problems, many of which are environmental in nature.

Product Code:
REG014
Published:
January 01, 2001
ISBN Number:
0813741149
Pages:
219
Member:
$10.00
Nonmember:
$10.00
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Military Geology in War and Peace

Editors: James R. Underwood Jr. and Peter L. Guth


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 13

In warfare, military geologists pursue five main categories of work: tactical and strategic terrain analysis, fortifications and tunneling, resource acquisition, defense installations, and field construction and logistics. In peace, they train for wartime operations and may be involved in peace-keeping and nation-building exercises. The classic dilemma for military geology has been whether support can best be provided by civilian technical-matter experts or by uniformed soldiers who routinely work with the combat units. In addition to the introductory paper this volume includes 24 papers, covering selected aspects of the history of military geology from the early 19th century through the recent Persian Gulf war, military education and operations, terrain analysis, engineering geology in the military, use of military geology in diplomacy and peace keeping, and the future of military geology.

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Product Code:
REG013
Published:
January 02, 1998
ISBN Number:
0813741130
Pages:
237 plus index
Member:
$25.00
Nonmember:
$35.00
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