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Military Geosciences in the Twenty-First Century

Editors: Russell S. Harmon, Sophie E. Baker, and Eric V. McDonald
Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 22



Military geosciences are concerned with using the broad scope of the earth sciences for military purposes. These purposes range from direct support for military operations to a broad spectrum of non-combat military activities and military land management applications. Historically, the focus has been on geology and geography, but other earth science disciplines such as geophysics, remote sensing, and geocomputation have become increasingly important as a consequence of technological progress made during the final decades of the twentieth century. The eighteen chapters in this volume address the critical aspects of the role of geosciences in military undertakings by focusing on historical perspectives, geoscience for military operations, and military environmental stewardship.

From the Foreword:
Military Geosciences in the Twenty-First Century contains eighteen chapters on military geology, addressing the complex yet critical aspects of the role of geosciences in military undertakings. The papers cover a wide range of expertise drawn from the broad areas of geology, geomorphology, geography, geophysics, engineering geology, hydrogeology, cartography, environmental science, GIS/remote sensing, soil science, geoinformatics, and related disciplines that reflect the evolving multidisciplinary nature of military geology. The nature and scope of conflicts in modern time have expanded from physical military operations in extreme climatic and topographic environments to include remotely operated military hardware deployments, necessitating integration of the latest earth science information with computer-based decisions science to achieve maximum efficiency to meet war objectives, along with preservation and restoration of the unique ecosystems of the regions undergoing military actions.
Product Code:
REG022
Published:
August 30, 2014
ISBN Number:
978-0-8137-4122-2
Pages:
215
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The Challenges of Dam Removal and River Restoration

Editors: Jerome V. De Graff and James E. Evans


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 21



River restoration is a societal goal in the United States. This collection of 14 research papers focuses on our current understanding of the impacts of removing dams and the role of dam removal in the larger context of river restoration. The chapters are grouped by topic: (1) assessment of existing dams, strategies to determine impounded legacy sediments, and evaluating whether or not to remove the dams; (2) case studies of the hydrologic, sediment, and ecosystem impacts of recent dam removals; (3) assessment of river restoration by modifying flows or removing dams; and (4) the concept of river restoration in the context of historic changes in river systems.
Product Code:
REG021
Published:
February 25, 2013
ISBN Number:
9780813741215
Pages:
203
Member:
$64.00
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$80.00
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Landslides and Engineering Geology, Seattle, Wash.

Full Title: Landslides and Engineering Geology of the Seattle, Washington, Area
Editors: Rex L. Baum, Jonathan W. Godt, and Lynn M. Highland


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 20

This volume brings together case studies and summary papers describing the application of state-of-the-art engineering geologic methods to landslide hazard analysis for the Seattle, Washington, area. An introductory chapter provides a thorough description of the Quaternary and bedrock geology of Seattle. Nine additional chapters review the history of landslide mapping in Seattle, present case studies of individual landslides, describe the results of spatial assessments of landslide hazard, discuss hydrologic controls on landsliding, and outline an early warning system for rainfall-induced landslides.

Product Code:
REG020
Published:
October 02, 2008
ISBN Number:
9780813741208
Pages:
181
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$30.00
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$30.00
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Deep Geologic Repositories

Editor: Norbert T. Rempe


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 19

Deep Geologic Repositories reviews the success stories of underground waste isolation. It focuses on repositories that did, do, and will permanently and safely isolate dangerous materials from the near-surface biosphere. Complementary topics address the isolation capability of average crustal rock, investigations at one representative underground research laboratory, and the geologic preservation of fission products from Precambrian nuclear reactors. An international cast of contributors presents proven practical solutions to a formerly confounding issue in environmental and engineering geology: What do we do with wastes that retain their dangerous characteristics in human terms forever? The principal answer: Recycling into the lithosphere by “reverse” mining.

Product Code:
REG019
Published:
March 18, 2008
ISBN Number:
9780813741192
Pages:
119
Member:
$20.00
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$20.00
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Geology of Coal Fires

Full Title: Geology of Coal Fires: Case Studies from Around the World
Editor: Glenn B. Stracher


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 18


“A solid introduction to the broad topic [of coal fires] and ... essential reading for anyone embarking in further studies in this broad discipline.”
—James C. Hower,
International Journal of Coal Geology


“I would not be surprised if this beautifully illustrated book rekindled interest in efforts to better understand the phenomenon of uncontrolled coal fires, eventually leading to global efforts to extinguish those that are burning and protocols to prevent future fires.”
—Robert B. Finkelman, University of Texas at Austin


Geology of Coal Fires: Case Studies from Around the World is The Geological Society of America’s first publication devoted to “coal-fires science,” an exciting and interdisciplinary area of research gaining international attention in recent years. Coal fires are preserved globally in the rock record as burnt and volume-reduced coal seams and by pyrometamorphic rocks, explosion breccias, clinker, gas-vent-mineral assemblages, fire-induced faulting, ground fissures, slump blocks, and sinkholes. Coal fires are responsible for coronary and respiratory diseases and fatalities in humans, as well as arsenic and fluorine poisoning. The heat energy, toxic fumes, and solid by-products of combustion destroy floral and faunal habitats, while polluting the air, water, and soil. This volume includes chapters devoted to spontaneous combustion and greenhouse gases, gas-vent mineralogy and petrology, paralavas and combustion metamorphic rocks, geochronology and landforms, magnetic signatures and geophysical modeling, remote-sensing detection and fire-depth estimation of concealed fires, as well as coal fires and public policy.

Glenn Stracher starred in the National Geographic Channel movie Underground Inferno, which won the 2009 environmental short film award at the International Film Festival in India.

Product Code:
REG018
Published:
January 11, 2008
ISBN Number:
9780813741185
Pages:
278 pages plus index
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$10.00
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$10.00
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Understanding and Responding to Hazardous Substances at...

Full Title: Understanding and Responding to Hazardous Substances at Mine Sites in the Western United States
Editor: Jerome V. DeGraff


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 17

This volume documents interesting approaches, techniques, and practical scientific considerations associated with mine site remediation. It also highlights how various federal, state, and local agencies and organizations are trying to bring the best science possible to bear on this serious problem. Some chapters focus on specific methods for characterization, particular contaminant issues, and impacts from the release of hazardous substances from mine and mill sites. Others describe successful response actions, technologies, or practical approaches for addressing contaminant releases to the environment.

Product Code:
REG017
Published:
July 24, 2007
ISBN Number:
9780813741178
Pages:
181
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$10.00
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$10.00
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Humans as Geologic Agents

Editors: Judy Ehlen, William C. Haneberg, and Robert A. Larson


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 16

Homo sapiens is the only known species to consciously effect change to the Earth’s geologic environment. We reshape the Earth; intensify erosion; modify rivers; change local climates; pollute water resources, soils, and geologic media; and alter soils and the biosphere. We dig holes in it, remove parts of it, and bury highly toxic materials in it. In this volume, the authors explore human impact on the Earth and attempt to answer the following questions. What have we done to Terra? How fast have we effected change? Are the changes permanent? Are they good, or have we inadvertently caused more damage? Can we, should we, repair some or all of these changes? These are important questions for the geoscience community because, as those most knowledgeable about the Earth and its resources, geologists play a major role in sustaining and preserving the Earth.

Product Code:
REG016
Published:
December 01, 2005
ISBN Number:
0813741165
Pages:
168
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$10.00
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$10.00
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Catastrophic Landslides

Full Title: Catastrophic Landslides: Effects, Occurrence, and Mechanisms
Editors: Stephen G. Evans and Jerome V. DeGraff


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 15

This volume documents further advances in our knowledge of catastrophic landslides since the pioneering compilations of the late 1970s by Barry Voight. It provides a worldwide survey of catastrophic landslide events written by leading authorities. Catastrophic Landslides begins by drawing upon South America to dramatically illustrate the impact of these phenomena on human populations. The occurrence of catastrophic landslides, including site-specific insights, is shown through six events of the past 20 years. Several other chapters focus on the mechanisms involved with catastrophic landsides both in relation to geologic factors in a particular geographic area as well as to specific geologic processes.

Product Code:
REG015
Published:
December 20, 2002
ISBN Number:
0813741157
Pages:
412
Member:
$25.00
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$25.00
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The Environmental Legacy of Military Operations

Editors: Judy Ehlen and Russell S. Harmon


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 14

Military geology comprises research and practical efforts directed toward providing geological input for military construction, civil works projects (e.g., dams, navigable waterway maintenance), remediation of polluted military facilities, terrain analysis, sustainability of training lands, mobility prediction, and site characterization activities. Land use sustainability issues, base closures, and heightened levels of environmental awareness by the general public have introduced new challenges for using, maintaining, cleaning, and restoring lands that have served as military installations for decades. In this volume, the legacy of military operations and their impact on the terrain and geology, particularly from an environmental viewpoint, are considered by geologists of diverse lands and backgrounds. This book, a companion volume to Military Geology in War and Peace (Reviews in Engineering Geology, v. 13, 1998), emphasizes current research and applications of engineering geology principles and practice to modern day military problems, many of which are environmental in nature.

Product Code:
REG014
Published:
January 01, 2001
ISBN Number:
0813741149
Pages:
219
Member:
$10.00
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$10.00
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Military Geology in War and Peace

Editors: James R. Underwood Jr. and Peter L. Guth


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 13

In warfare, military geologists pursue five main categories of work: tactical and strategic terrain analysis, fortifications and tunneling, resource acquisition, defense installations, and field construction and logistics. In peace, they train for wartime operations and may be involved in peace-keeping and nation-building exercises. The classic dilemma for military geology has been whether support can best be provided by civilian technical-matter experts or by uniformed soldiers who routinely work with the combat units. In addition to the introductory paper this volume includes 24 papers, covering selected aspects of the history of military geology from the early 19th century through the recent Persian Gulf war, military education and operations, terrain analysis, engineering geology in the military, use of military geology in diplomacy and peace keeping, and the future of military geology.

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Product Code:
REG013
Published:
January 02, 1998
ISBN Number:
0813741130
Pages:
237 plus index
Member:
$25.00
Nonmember:
$35.00
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A Paradox of Power

Full Title: A Paradox of Power: Voices of Warning and Reason in the Geosciences
Editors: Charles W. Welby and Monica E. Gowan


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 12

The 13 papers in this volume illustrate issues and opportunities confronting geologists as they bring their knowledge and understanding to bear in matters related to public health and welfare. Public decisions and decision-making processes in the face of geologic complexity and uncertainty are the subject of the first group of papers. In the second group, several "voice of warning" papers illustrate the use of geologic knowledge and research to warn the public of health hazards derived from geologic materials and processes. A third group of papers, in the "voice of reason" section, describes use of geologic knowledge to help lower the costs of mitigation and avoidance of geologic hazards. Finally, ethical and philosophical questions confronting geoscientists are discussed and issues of "truth" as related to the legal process and questions about the adequacy of information in making decisions about long-term radioactive waste disposal are discussed.

Product Code:
REG012
Published:
January 01, 1998
ISBN Number:
0813741122
Pages:
185
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$10.00
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$10.00
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Storm-Induced Geologic Hazards

Full Title: Storm-Induced Geologic Hazards: Case Histories from the 1992-1993 Winter in Southern California and Arizona
Editors: James E. Slosson and Robert A. Larson


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 11

A multidisciplinary volume of case histories presenting the work of professionals who investigated catastrophic damage caused by the 1992–1993 winter storms in southern California and Arizona. Papers in this volume discuss topics such as: why severe winter storms occur and how the resulting floods fit into the context of the geological record; flood-damaged infrastructure development and mining operations in river channels; storm damage to four counties in southern California; ground settlement intensified by rising ground water caused by infiltrating rain, and the subsequent litigation; warning the public of imminent debris-flow hazards and how to set the moisture and rainfall thresholds that must be reached to issue a warning; and major infiltrating-rainfall-activated landslides that damaged homes in southern California. The release of this volume marks the 50th anniversary year of the Engineering Geology Division.
Product Code:
REG011
Published:
January 01, 1997
ISBN Number:
0813741114
Pages:
136
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$10.00
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$10.00
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Clay and Shale Slope Instability

Editors: W.C. Haneberg and S.A. Anderson


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 10

Ten state-of-the-art papers address both empirical and analytical aspects of clay and shale slope instability. Among the topics discussed in detail are limit equilibrium stability analysis, shear strength of clay and clayey colluvium, use of triaxial test data to evaluate viscoplastic slope movements, numerical modeling of pore pressure distribution in heterogeneous soils, rational analysis of rainfall and landslide movement patterns, the effects of hydrothermal alteration on slope stability, mudrock durability and stability considerations, and regional clay and shale slope stability problems in Italy. This volume is a must for researchers and practitioners in engineering geology, geomorphology, geotechnical engineering, hydrogeology, natural hazard assessment, and other fields concerned with clay and shale slope processes.
Product Code:
REG010
Published:
January 01, 1994
ISBN Number:
0813741106
Pages:
150 plus index
Member:
$14.00
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$20.00
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Lanslides/Landslide Mitigation

Editors: J.E. Slosson, A.G. Keene, and J.A. Johnson


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Description:
Provides a variety of case histories, methodology to help identify, quantify, and mitigate landlsides, and legal cases affecting engineering geology. Part I provides basic information to aid in assessing geologic hazards related to compound landslides, surficial slope failures, and causes of distress to residential construction. Includes changes in the law relating to geologic investigations and disclosure of geotechnical information. Part II is a cross section dealing with recent significant landslides related to a single storm, intense rainfall, possible errors in the identification of and development on an existing or paleolandslide, and the use of pumping wells and horizontal drains to dewater slope failures. Also discusses how proper installation and use of drains prevent paleolandlsides from causing damage to modern facilities.
Product Code:
REG009
Published:
June 19, 1992
ISBN Number:
0813741092
Pages:
130
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$9.99
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$9.99
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Neotectonics in Earthquake Evaluations

Editors: E.L. Krinitzsky and D.B. Slemmons


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 8

This guide for assessing earthquake sources synthesized developments in the principal seismically active regions of the United States: the Pacific Coast, the western mountain area, the New Madrid area, New England, and the southeastern United States, including Charleston, South Carolina. Among the contributors to this ca. 1990 study are researchers who made notable contributions to the art in their own right.
Product Code:
REG008
Published:
January 01, 1990
ISBN Number:
0813741084
Pages:
168 plus index
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$9.99
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$9.99
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Debris Flows and Avalanches

Full Title: Debris Flows/Avalanches: Process, Recognition, and Mitigation
Editors: J.E. Costa and G.F. Wieczorek


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 7

Debris flows and debris avalanches are among the most dangerous and destructive natural hazards, claiming hundreds of lives and millions of dollars in property loss every year. These 17 papers present the research as it stood ca. 1987 in three categories: process; recognition; and mitigation. Much of the work resulted from efforts between the Engineering Geology and Quaternary Geology and Geomorphology Divisions of GSA.
Product Code:
REG007
Published:
January 01, 1987
ISBN Number:
0813741076
Pages:
248 plus index
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$9.99
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$9.99
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Man-Induced Land Subsidence

Editor: T.L. Holzer


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 6

Land subsidence has been caused by man's activities in at least 37 of the 50 U.S. states and affects more than 40,000 square kilometers in the United States alone. These nine papers, dedicated to Joseph Fairfield Poland's life work, constitute a major contribution to measuring and understanding this probelm. They are arranged in three categories: (1) fluid withdrawal from porous media; (2) drainage of organic soil; and (3) collapse into man-made and natural cavities.
Product Code:
REG006
Published:
June 19, 1984
ISBN Number:
0813741068
Pages:
222
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$9.99
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$9.99
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Geology Under Cities

Editors: Robert F. Legget


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 5

The nine papers in this volume cover the geology beneath Washington, D.C., Boston, Chicago, Edmonton, Kansas City, New Orleans, New York City, Toronto, and St. Paul/Minneapolis, and present methods of data gathering that could be used in most cities.
Product Code:
REG005
Published:
January 01, 1982
ISBN Number:
9780813741055
Pages:
131
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$9.99
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$9.99
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Geology in the Siting of Nuclear Power Plants

Editors: Allen W. Hatheway and Cole R. McClure Jr.


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 4

During the "great decade" of siting and construction of nuclear power plants that ended in 1975, the nuclear industry mustered the largest geologic task force in this country's history, resulting in rapid advances in geologic technologies. Many of the advances are discussed in this volume, a major contribution to engineering geology. Subjects treated are the regulatory, siting, and licensing processes; seismicity of the central and western U.S., with a consumer's guide to instrumental methods for determination of hypocenters; and techniques, such as remote-sensing, microfacies analysis, dating techniques in faults, trenching as an exploratory method, borehole geophysics, and ground-water studies. Includes a useful glossary.
Product Code:
REG004
Published:
January 01, 1979
ISBN Number:
9780813741048
Pages:
245 plus index
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$9.99
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$9.99
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Landslides

Editors: Donald R. Coates


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 3

The fact that landslides constitute more than a local hazard is now well recognized and has been responsible for numerous major investigations by the U.S. Geological Survey and other organizations. This volume, approached from the engineering geology standpoint, has two goals: (1) to update significant information about landslides and present some case histories and (2) to refocus earlier works into new syntheses and insights. Includes contributions not only from the authors but also from government agencies, universities, and consulting firms. Presented in 5 parts: 1. Overview; 2. Regional Studies; 3. Specific and Local Studies; 4. Engineering Geology and Highway Engineering; and 5. Environmental Planning. A valuable resource book if you are involved with studies of landslides.
Product Code:
REG003
Published:
January 01, 1977
ISBN Number:
9780813741031
Pages:
272 plus index
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$9.99
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$9.99
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Reviews in Engineering Geology II

Editors: David J. Varnes and George Kiersch


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Description:
This is the second in a series of volumes prepared by the Geological Society of America Division on Engineering Geology designed to summarize the states of knowledge on various aspects of the application of geology to engineering problems. Through an unfortunate series of delays, publication of the book was delayed several years beyond the completion of the contained papers. The geologic principles are still sound, however, and are certain to be useful to the practicing engineering geologist. Nine papers review the following subjects: foundations for heavy structures; geology and pedology in highway soil engineering; clay as a canal sealant; Portland cement and concrete; pozzolan; geocryology and engineering; land subsidence due to withdrawal of fluids; land subsidence due to the application of water; and geologic settings of subsidence.
Product Code:
REG002
Published:
January 01, 1969
ISBN Number:
9780813741024
Pages:
350 plus index
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$9.99
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$9.99
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Reviews in Engineering Geology I

Editors: Thomas Fluhr and Robert F. Legget


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Description:
Reviews in Engineering Geology, volume 1

The first in this series, this volume contains several engineering geology articles that are still applicable and useful today: Petrography Applied to Portland-Cement Concrete, by Mielenz; Engineering Aspects of Sediment Transport, by Bruun (includes section on Biological Aspects, by Lackey); Photo Analysis and Interpretation in Engineering Geology Investigations, by Mollard; Engineering Geology of Radioactive Waste Disposal, by de Laguna; Engineering Seismology, by Neumann; Sand and Gravel, by Lenhart; Review of USSR Publications in Selected Fields of Engineering Soil Science, by Drashevska; and Stabilization of Rock by Bolting, by Thomas.
Product Code:
REG001
Published:
January 01, 1962
ISBN Number:
9780813741017
Pages:
286 plus index
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$9.99
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