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Uplift Mechanisms and the History of the Tibetan Plateau

Full Title: Toward an Improved Understanding of Uplift Mechanisms and the Elevation History of the Tibetan Plateau
Editors: Junsheng Nie, Brian K. Horton, and Gregory D. Hoke
Description:
Defining the mechanisms responsible for topographic growth of the Tibetan Plateau has challenged geoscientists for decades. Deformation histories, sediment accumulation records, and thermochronology results suggest that plateau construction is likely the result of a protracted history of deformation that initiated before and continued throughout the Cenozoic India-Asia collision. However, key questions remain. What was the relative importance and magnitudes of pre-Cenozoic, Paleogene, and Neogene shortening? Has elevation gain in Tibet been punctuated or continuous? Did the Tibetan Plateau experience a shift in deformation kinematics during the Cenozoic and, if so, what were the driving mechanisms? How have tectonics and climate interacted during construction of the Tibetan Plateau? Advances in our understanding of these issues can be found in this volume.
Product Code:
SPE507
Published:
August 26, 2014
ISBN Number:
978-0-8137-2507-9
Pages:
153
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Late Proterozoic to Devonian Continental Sequence, Alaska

Full Title: Reconstruction of a Late Proterozoic to Devonian Continental Margin Sequence, Northern Alaska, Its Paleogeographic Significance, and Contained Base-Metal Sulfide Deposits
Editors: Julie A. Dumoulin and Alison B. Till
Description:
The tectonic evolution of the Arctic remains a subject of considerable uncertainty. The unknown Paleozoic and Mesozoic movements of a large block of continental crust, the Arctic Alaska-Chukotka microplate, contribute significantly to that uncertainty. This volume presents research fundamental to understanding the origin, character, and movements of the microplate from the Late Proterozoic to the Devonian, and includes the first compelling evidence for a rift event that may have detached the Arctic Alaska-Chukotka microplate from the Timanide margin of Baltica. The integrated geologic, geochronologic, geochemical, isotopic, and paleontologic results presented in eight chapters were obtained from a penetratively deformed and metamorphosed blueschist terrane. This study demonstrates the power of modern research tools to penetrate the effects of orogenesis and reconstruct pre-deformational tectonic and paleogeographic histories.
Product Code:
SPE506
Published:
July 24, 2014
ISBN Number:
978-0-8137-2506-2
Pages:
258
Member:
$56.00
Nonmember:
$80.00
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Coastline and Dune Evolution along the Great Lakes

Editors: Timothy G. Fisher and Edward C. Hansen
Description:
The 17,500 km of Great Lakes' shoreline is North America's "third coast." This coast has been the setting for a number of classic studies in coastal geomorphology and Quaternary geology, especially on the subjects of coastal dunes and the effects of deglaciation and isostatic rebound on lakes and coasts. In the past decade and a half, there has been a revival of interest in these processes along the Great Lakes. This volume includes an interdisciplinary mix of papers spanning a variety of temporal scales and offering a substantive overview of this recent research. The majority of the papers investigate the relationship between dune activity, lake levels, and climate. In addition to offering insights into coastal processes in general, the data presented in this paper could help inform decisions on how to manage and mitigate the human impact on this fragile natural environment.
Product Code:
SPE508
Published:
July 23, 2014
ISBN Number:
978-0-8137-2508-6
Pages:
228
Member:
$46.00
Nonmember:
$66.00
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Upcoming Books: SPE505-509, REG022, FLD038 & MWR212

These volumes are currently in production. Contact April Leo at aleo@geosociety.org if you would like more information about them.

Special Paper 505: Volcanism, Impacts, and Mass Extinctions: Causes and Effects

Edited by Gerta Keller and Andrew C. Kerr

24 chapters, ISBN 978-0-8137-2505-5

This volume comprises articles stemming from the international, multi-disciplinary conference that took place in March 2013 at London's Natural History Museum (NHM). This conference brought together researchers across geological, geophysical, and biological disciplines to assess the state of research into the causes of mass extinction events and, in particular, to evaluate the respective roles of volcanism, bolide impacts, and associated climate and environmental changes. Key results of this seminal conference are presented in papers spanning a wide range of disciplines. Participants concluded that large igneous province volcanism along with associated climate and environmental changes played significant roles in four of the five major mass extinctions in Earth history. There was overwhelming agreement that a single large asteroid or comet impact (Chicxulub) could not have been the sole cause of the end-Cretaceous mass extinction, but rather was a contributing factor along with volcanism.



Special Paper 506: Reconstruction of a Late Proterozoic to Devonian Continental Margin Sequence, Northern Alaska, Its Paleogeographic Significance and Contained Base-Metal Sulfide Deposits

Edited by Julie A. Dumoulin and Alison B. Till

8 chapters, ISBN 978-0-8137-2506-2

Learn more about this book.

Special Paper 507: Toward an Improved Understanding of Uplift Mechanisms and the Elevation History of the Tibetan Plateau

Edited by Junsheng Nie, Brian K. Horton, and Gregory D. Hoke

7 chapters, ISBN 978-0-8137-2507-9

Learn more about this book.

Field Guide 38: Trials and Tribulations of Life on an Active Subduction Zone: Field Trips in and around Vancouver, Canada

Edited by Shahin Dashtgard and Brent Ward

9 chapters, ISBN 978-0-8137-0038-0

Special Paper 509: The 2011 Mineral, Virginia, Earthquake, and Its Significance for Seismic Hazards in Eastern North America

Edited by J. Wright Horton Jr., Martin C. Chapman, and Russell A. Green

23 chapters, ISBN 978-0-8137-2509-3

The magnitude ~5.8 Mineral, Virginia, earthquake of 2011 was the largest to occur in the Appalachian region in more than 100 years. It was felt over much of the eastern U.S. and southeastern Canada, caused significant damage from central Virginia to the National Capital Region, and was responsible for the automatic safe shutdown of a nuclear power station. It invigorated interest in earthquake processes, hazards, and preparedness along the Eastern Seaboard, and responses of the science and engineering communities to this rare event serve as models for responding to future events. The earthquake provided important new seismologic, engineering, geologic, hydrologic, and geophysical data that contribute to the understanding of earthquakes in eastern North America, and to better assessment and mitigation of seismic hazards. This collection of 23 chapters makes these results available for geoscientists, engineers, and decision-makers interested in understanding earthquakes and seismic hazards in eastern North America and other intraplate settings.

Memoir 212: Geodynamics of a Cordilleran Orogenic System: The Central Andes of Argentina and Northern Chile

Edited by Peter G. DeCelles, Mihai N. Ducea, Barbara Carrapa, and Paul A. Kapp

22 chapters, ISBN 978-0-8137-1212-3

Product Code:
SPE509
Published:
June 30, 2014
Member:
$0.00
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$0.00
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Earth's Early Atmosphere and Surface Environment

Editor: George H. Shaw
Description:
The range of conditions and compositions that have been proposed for Earth's early surface and atmosphere is considerable, from highly reducing and rich in organic compounds to essentially as oxidizing as the present. This volume explores that range with a collection of papers presented at a Pardee Symposium at the 2011 GSA Annual Meeting. Primary chapters are accompanied by a commentary and followed by a transcript of the ensuing discussion at the meeting. An interpretive chapter discusses the material presented at the symposium and summarizes at least one perspective of the current status of the field.
Product Code:
SPE504
Published:
May 30, 2014
ISBN Number:
978-0-8137-2504-8
Pages:
132
Member:
$32.00
Nonmember:
$46.00
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Through the End of the Cretaceous in the Hell Creek Fm.

Full Title: Through the End of the Cretaceous in the Type Locality of the Hell Creek Formation in Montana and Adjacent Areas
Editors: Gregory P. Wilson, William A. Clemens, John R. Horner, and Joseph H. Hartman
Description:
For over a century, the Hell Creek and Fort Union formations and their constituent fossil biotas have captivated geologists and paleontologists alike. In Montana and adjacent areas, these rocks have become renowned as the type locality for Tyrannosaurus rex and the epicenter for debate surrounding the mass extinction of dinosaurs at the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary. The chapters in this volume represent a surge of field and laboratory research activity that illustrates the impacts of new and refined methods and tools. In tandem, the research questions have evolved to take advantage of the increased precision, quality, and quantity of the data, from determinations of paleoecologies to assessment of ontogenetic sequences, patterns of sedimentation, and basin-level intraformational correlations. Together, the chapters in this volume are a major step forward in the quest to mine the rich lode of geologic and biologic history preserved in the strata bounding the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary.
Product Code:
SPE503
Published:
January 30, 2014
ISBN Number:
978-0-8137-2503-1
Pages:
392 (8.5" x 11")
Member:
$75.00
Nonmember:
$95.00
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Understanding Open-Vent Volcanism and Related Hazards

Editors: William I. Rose, Jose Luis Palma, Hugo Delgado Granados, and Nick Varley
Description:
Volcanic hazards work in developing countries is evolving and is increasingly done by scientists and engineers in home countries. At the same time, scientists in the developed world, where volcanic hazards may not be as immediate, are eager to participate in collaborative efforts, especially to highlight new tools. The lure of working at sites where there is diverse volcanic activity is strong, and collaborative science provides support for infrastructure development in home countries. Experience participating in international collaborative work during real volcanic crises is especially valuable to young scientists engaged in graduate and postdoctoral studies. This volume is the third GSA Special Paper this decade to focus on Central American volcanic hazards, and these chapters demonstrate continued maturation of international hazards work.
Product Code:
SPE498
Published:
December 03, 2013
ISBN Number:
9780813724980
Pages:
230 (8.5" x 11")
Member:
$60.00
Nonmember:
$80.00
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Neogene Deformation between Central Utah

Full Title: Neogene Deformation between Central Utah and the Mojave Desert
Editor: R. Ernest Anderson
Description:
This book is a must-read for researchers interested in extensional tectonics in general and the Neogene tectonics of the Basin and Range in particular, because it challenges, on the basis of more than 50 years of field studies, the existing paradigm of province-wide uniformly large extension and replaces it with a model integrating extension with extension-normal shortening-both as primary strains. The first chapter takes the reader on two journeys southwestward from central Utah through the Lake Mead area: the first to emphasize the lack of uniformly distributed or integrated extension and the second to highlight left-lateral shear at 13 localities along the east margin of the Basin and Range that is kinematically compatible with right-lateral shear along the west margin. The compatibility provides a basis for understanding the extreme Neogene tectonics of the Lake Mead area. The second chapter summarizes multifaceted field evidence from the well-studied eastern Lake Mead area as a focused example of the need for a complete revision of the extensional paradigm.
Product Code:
SPE499
Published:
October 31, 2013
ISBN Number:
9780813724997
Pages:
94 p.
Member:
$35.00
Nonmember:
$50.00
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The Volcanic Geology of the Mid-Arc Island of Dominica

Full Title: The Volcanic Geology of the Mid-Arc Island of Dominica, Lesser Antilles—The Surface Expression of an Island-Arc Batholith
Authors: A.L. Smith, M.J. Roobol, G.S. Mattioli, J.E. Fryxell, G.E. Daly, and L.A. Fernandez
Description:
Dominica shows unique characteristics not seen on other islands in the Lesser Antilles island arc or on many island arcs worldwide. These unique features include the eruption of rocks, since the upper Pleistocene, of a very restricted compositional range from multiple centers throughout the island, as well as the occurrence of present-day island-wide seismic and geothermal activity. This volume presents the results of geological mapping, detailed stratigraphy, petrography/mineral chemistry, and geochemistry that have allowed the authors to develop a model to explain these features. The model, which traces the development of the island since the upper Miocene, suggests that during the Pleistocene, partial melting of the island-arc crust eventually generated a single magma body of batholithic proportions beneath the island. The distinctive phenomena from Dominica are therefore thought to reflect the volcanic and related responses associated with the formation and development of this unexposed batholith.

Note: Dominica was one of the filming locations for Pirates of the Caribbean II and III.
Product Code:
SPE496
Published:
October 11, 2013
ISBN Number:
9780813724966
Pages:
249
Member:
$49.00
Nonmember:
$70.00
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Rethinking the Fabric of Geology

125th Anniversary Volumes: Special Papers 500, 501, and 502

Editor: Victor R. Baker
Description:
The 50 years since the publication of the book Fabric of Geology, edited by Claude C. Albritton Jr., have seen immense changes in both geology and philosophy of science. Philosophy of science is a far more nuanced subject than it was in 1963, but, with a few notable exceptions, little philosophical attention has been paid to geology. Rethinking the Fabric of Geology explores a number of philosophical issues in geology, ranging from its nature as a historical science to implications for geological education. The ten essays in this collection also include discussions of geological mapping, modeling prediction, and quantitative modeling. This volume invites students and professionals alike to think deeply about our science.

Learn more about the book from the video interview with volume editor Victor Baker.

Product Code:
SPE502
Published:
October 08, 2013
ISBN Number:
9780813725024
Pages:
182
Member:
$35.00
Nonmember:
$50.00
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The Impact of the Geological Sciences on Society

125th Anniversary Volumes: Special Papers 500, 501, and 502

Editor: Marion E. Bickford
Description:
Written by preeminent scientists in several areas of applied geosciences, this volume addresses the impact of the geological sciences, during the past 50 years, in such areas as geologic hazards, mineral resources, energy resources, water resources, soil resources, geology and health, geologic education, and the informing of general public policy. The chapters focus on the ways that earth science informs and benefits society. Far more than mere catalogues of resources, the chapters often address controversial topics, such as hydraulic fracturing, and will be of keen interest to scientists in industry, government, and academia. This anniversary volume will also be particularly useful to students considering careers in the geosciences.

Product Code:
SPE501
Published:
September 24, 2013
ISBN Number:
9780813725017
Pages:
201
Member:
$35.00
Nonmember:
$50.00
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Web of Geological Sciences: Advances, Impacts, Interactions

125th Anniversary Volumes: Special Papers 500, 501, and 502

Full Title: The Web of Geological Sciences: Advances, Impacts, and Interactions
Editor: Marion E. Bickford
Description:
Written by leading scientists in most of the important subdisciplines of the geological sciences, the 19 chapters in this book examine the question, "What advances have been made in the past 50 years?" Advances from 1963 to 2013 include the development and understanding of plate tectonics, exploration of the Moon and Mars, the development of new computing and analytical technologies, and the understanding of the role of microbiology in geologic processes, to name but a few. Certain to become a frequently cited classic, this volume will be of great interest to professional scientists and will be particularly useful for students.

Watch the video interview with volume editor Pat Bickford and learn how this volume came to be.

Product Code:
SPE500
Published:
September 24, 2013
ISBN Number:
9780813725000
Pages:
604
Member:
$56.00
Nonmember:
$80.00
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The Columbia River Flood Basalt Province

Editors: Stephen P. Reidel, Victor E. Camp, Martin E. Ross, John A. Wolff, Barton S. Martin, Terry L. Tolan, and Ray E. Wells
Description:
The Miocene Columbia River flood basalt province covers ~210,000 km2 of the Pacific Northwest of the United States, and forms part of a larger volcanic region that also includes contemporaneous silicic centers in northern Nevada, the basaltic and time-transgressive rhyolitic volcanic fields of the Snake River Plain and Yellowstone plateau, and the High Lava Plains of central Oregon. The Columbia River flood basalt province is accessible and well exposed, making it one of the best-studied flood basalt provinces worldwide, and it serves as a model for understanding the stratigraphic development and petrogenesis of large igneous provinces through time. This volume details our current knowledge of the stratigraphy and physical volcanology; extent, volume, and age of the lava flows; the tectonic setting and history of the province; the petrogenesis of the lavas; and hydrogeology of the basalt aquifers.
Product Code:
SPE497
Published:
September 13, 2013
ISBN Number:
978-0-8137-2497-3
Pages:
440
Member:
$70.00
Nonmember:
$95.00
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New Perspectives on Rio Grande Rift Basins

Full Title: New Perspectives on Rio Grande Rift Basins: From Tectonics to Groundwater
Editors: Mark R. Hudson and V.J.S. (Tien) Grauch
Description:
Extending from Colorado, USA, on the north to the state of Chihuahua, Mexico, on the south, the Rio Grande rift divides the Colorado Plateau on the west from the interior of the North American craton on the east. This volume focuses on the Rio Grande rift’s upper crustal basins and is organized geographically with study areas progressing from north to south. Eighteen chapters cover a variety of topics, including sedimentation history, rift basin geometries and the influence of older structure on rift basin evolution, faulting and strain transfer within and among basins, relations of magmatism to rift tectonism, and basin hydrogeology.
Product Code:
SPE494
Published:
May 07, 2013
ISBN Number:
9780813724942
Pages:
500 plus CD-ROM
Member:
$64.00
Nonmember:
$80.00
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Mesozoic Assembly of the North American Cordillera

Author: Robert S. Hildebrand
Description:
In this well-illustrated book, Hildebrand builds upon the model for the Mesozoic collision of the exotic Rubian ribbon continent with the western margin of North America that he presented in Special Paper 457. Starting with an overview of Cordilleran exotic and suspect terranes, he goes on to integrate the disparate fragments into a dynamic model involving arc magmatism, arc-continent collision, slab failure magmatism, and meridional migration. While the main focus is on the offshore assembly of the Rubian ribbon continent, Hildebrand explores its interactions with North America during the Sevier and Laramide events and concludes that North America was the lower plate in both. The volume will be of great interest to the general geological community, including advanced students, as it presents new ideas on the Mesozoic assembly of California and provides the first overview of the North American Cordillera since GSA's Decade of North American Geology volumes some 20 years ago.
Product Code:
SPE495
Published:
February 25, 2013
ISBN Number:
9780813724959
Pages:
169
Member:
$60.00
Nonmember:
$75.00
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Geology and Geomorphology of Barbados

Full Title: Geology and Geomorphology of Barbados: A Companion Text to Maps with Accompanying Cross Sections, Scale 1:10,000
Author: Robert C. Speed
Editors: Christine Speed and Richard Sedlock
Description:
The materials in this contribution are components of a multidisciplinary, comprehensive analysis of the geology and geomorphology of Barbados by Robert Speed, who passed away in 2003 shortly before finalizing this work. Basement rocks on Barbados are assigned to two Paleogene tectonic complexes that formed within or above an active subduction complex. The basement rocks are overlain by Quaternary rocks and sediments, and Speed’s studies of these younger materials are the focus of this volume. The island’s marine terraces, modern shore zone, modern marine sea cliffs, stream networks, and landslides are analyzed in detail. Uplift rates that were calculated at 71 sites, and dozens of 230Th dates of Pleistocene limestone are presented here for the first time. The accompanying CD-ROM includes a set of twelve 1:10,000 geological maps of Barbados, West Indies; four associated cross sections that transect the island; and a three-part appendix, which contains advanced drafts of two unpublished manuscripts.
Product Code:
SPE491
Published:
December 27, 2012
ISBN Number:
9780813724911
Pages:
64 plus CD-ROM
Member:
$35.00
Nonmember:
$50.00
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Recent Advances in North American Paleoseismology

Full Title: Recent Advances in North American Paleoseismology and Neotectonics East of the Rockies
Editors: Randel Tom Cox, Martitia P. Tuttle, Oliver S. Boyd, and Jacques Locat
Description:
This volume focuses on the continental intraplate region of the United States and provides an update and overview of documented Quaternary faulting and paleoseismic liquefaction east of the Rocky Mountains, and of the application of these results to seismic hazard and risk assessments. Contributions include papers that describe zones of newly recognized Quaternary deformation such as the East Tennessee Seismic Zone, as well as reinterpretations of well-known areas such as the New Madrid Seismic Zone. The chapters make important contributions to the recognition of earthquake sources active during the Quaternary and assess the seismic hazards posed by these sources. This volume should interest a wide range of readers from geology, seismology, hazard assessment, and emergency management.
Product Code:
SPE493
Published:
December 01, 2012
ISBN Number:
9780813724935
Pages:
276
Member:
$42.00
Nonmember:
$60.00
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Grand Canyon Geology: Two Billion Years of Earth's History

Editors: J. Michael Timmons and Karl E. Karlstrom
Description:
Carved in the last 6 million years by the Colorado River and its tributaries, Grand Canyon is one of the premier geologic landscapes in the world. Three series of rocks are visible in the canyon walls. (1) The horizontal sedimentary rock layers that make up the upper strata throughout the Canyon are Paleozoic in age, deposited between ca. 525-270 Ma, and represent multiple episodes of marine incursion and retreat from the continental interior. (2) The tilted rock layers, well preserved in fault blocks of eastern Grand Canyon, are Mesoproterozoic rocks of the 1.2 to 0.75 Ga Grand Canyon Supergroup that reveal discrete episodes of sedimentation and tectonism. (3) In the depths of Grand Canyon, the oldest rocks are the igneous and metamorphic rocks known as Vishnu basement rocks that record the formation and modification of the region's continental crust from 1840 to 1660 Ma. Illustrated with numerous color photographs and accompanied by the most detailed geologic map of eastern Grand Canyon to date, this volume provides an easy-to-understand summary of the geologic stories encoded by rocks and landscapes of Grand Canyon.

"I envision this work . . . as a reference or supplemental text in Cordilleran regional geology courses as well as for those strictly interested in Grand Canyon.The graphics are superb overall, particularly the many photos of Grand Canyon exposures that are labeled and annotated to show structures and features that might not be immediately apparent." —Steven Semken, Arizona University

Join the Geological Society of America and pay the GSA member price!

Product Code:
SPE489
Published:
October 26, 2012
ISBN Number:
9780813724898
Pages:
156
Member:
$64.00
Nonmember:
$80.00
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Google Earth & Virtual Visualizations in Geoscience

Full Title: Google Earth and Virtual Visualizations in Geoscience Education and Research
Editors: Steven J. Whitmeyer, John E. Bailey, Declan G. DePaor, and Tina Ornduff
Description:
GSA Special Paper 492 consists of 35 papers that collectively synthesize the development and current uses of Google Earth and associated visualization media in geoscience education and research. Chapters focus on Google Earth and related tools, such as SketchUp, Google Fusion Tables, GigaPan, and LiDAR. Many of these papers include digital media that illustrate and highlight important themes of the texts. This volume is intended to document the state of the art for geoscience applications of geobrowsers, such as Google Earth, along with providing provocative examples of where this technology is headed in the future.

To learn more, peruse SPE492's open-access Introduction.

Or check out HydroViz, a web-based hydrologic educational system that supports students' learning in hydrology. Habib et al.'s Chapter 33 discusses the development of this tool.

Holly Dolliver's chapter has garnered attention from the Google Earth blog, as well as the Google Earth Design blog.

This volume is in the Penrose Conference series.
Product Code:
SPE492
Published:
October 22, 2012
ISBN Number:
9780813724928
Pages:
488
Member:
$56.00
Nonmember:
$80.00
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Mima Mounds: The Case for Polygenesis and Bioturbation

Editors: Jennifer L. Horwath Burnham and Donald L. Johnson
Description:
This volume grew out of a symposium titled, “The origin of Mima mounds and similar micro-relief features: Multidisciplinary perspectives,” and a similarly themed field trip, both held at the 2008 GSA Annual Meeting. The editors of this volume firmly believe that Mima (pimple) mounds, with a contentious explanatory history that has covered nearly two centuries, deserve a closer look. The clarifying introduction, six chapters, and extensive appendices (including a never before published paper by Roald H. Fryxell) are sure to both resolve questions and inspire debate.
Product Code:
SPE490
Published:
October 18, 2012
ISBN Number:
9780813724904
Pages:
206
Member:
$60.00
Nonmember:
$80.00
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On the Strata of the Earth

Author: Mikhail Vasil'evich Lomonosov
Translators: Stephen M. Rowland and Slava Korolev
Description:
Russian scholars have long considered Mikhail Lomonosov to have been a true giant among eighteenth-century scientists and scholars, and Russian historians of science consider On the Strata of the Earth to be his most important contribution to geology. Published in 1763, this work predates James Hutton’s celebrated Theory of the Earth by a quarter century, with provocative similarities and insightful differences. Regrettably, relatively few people beyond the borders of Russia have been able to read what Lomonosov wrote, so his views on rock-forming processes and Earth history have languished in obscurity. In this first English translation of Lomonosov’s On the Strata of the Earth, the translators have transformed Lomonosov’s descriptions and interpretations of the materials, morphology, processes, and history of the Earth into accessible English, while preserving his voice and the flavor of his style.

Read the review from the Scientific American blog.

Product Code:
SPE485
Published:
July 31, 2012
ISBN Number:
9780813724850
Pages:
41
Member:
$32.00
Nonmember:
$40.00
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The Story of the Victoria Land Traverse, Antarctica

Full Title: Impossible Journey: The Story of the Victoria Land Traverse 1959-1960, Antarctica
Authors: John G. Weihaupt, Alfred W. Stuart, Frans G. Van der Hoeven, Claude Lorius, and William M. Smith
Description:
This volume, written by Victoria Land Traverse team members, is a scientific, historical, and adventurous account of a four-month, 2400-km journey into the unexplored hinterland of East Antarctica. A critical link in the International Geophysical Year/U.S. Antarctic Research Program, the traverse team conducted seismic, gravity, magnetic, geological, glaciological, and atmospheric surveys over the continental ice sheet, discovering the Wilkes Subglacial Basin, the Wilkes Land Gravity Anomaly, the Outback Nunataks, the USARP Mountain Range, and the upper reaches of the Rennick Glacier. In so doing, the traverse encountered heavy crevassing on the Skelton Glacier, where SnoCats frequently broke through snow bridges, threatening the end of the traverse. On the high plateau, fuel shortages and frequent equipment failures also threatened to terminate the journey. The latter portions of the traverse were marked by near catastrophes in the vicinity of the Mertz and Ninnis Glaciers, and on the glaciers of the Transantarctic Mountains, where unknown and initially undetected substantial crevasse fields were encountered. This account has been constructed a half-century later from the traverse team’s scientific field notes and personal journals.

[ Review from the Explorer's Gazette ]

[ Review from the Arctic Institute of North America's Arctic ]

Product Code:
SPE488
Published:
July 16, 2012
ISBN Number:
9780813724881
Pages:
136
Member:
$30.00
Nonmember:
$45.00
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Mineralogical and Geochemical Approaches to Provenance

Editors: E. Troy Rasbury, Sidney R. Hemming, and Nancy R. Riggs
Description:
Major advances have been made in the use of elemental and isotopic analyses of individual minerals and whole rocks in providing insights into the source of sediments and sedimentary rocks as well as the unroofing histories of the landscapes that were eroded to produce the sediments. The eleven chapters in this volume are quite varied and are arranged into three general categories, although many of the chapters combine several of these approaches to address provenance questions: (1) isotope and fission-track dating of minerals, and additional insights from geochemistry and radiogenic isotopes; (2) uses of heavy minerals, relative abundance, isotope fingerprinting, and compositions of the minerals; and (3) automated point counting.
Product Code:
SPE487
Published:
May 30, 2012
ISBN Number:
9780813724874
Pages:
194
Member:
$55.00
Nonmember:
$75.00
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Earth and Mind II

Full Title: Earth and Mind II: A Synthesis of Research on Thinking and Learning in the Geosciences
Editors: Kim A. Kastens and Cathryn A. Manduca
Description:
Have you ever felt that your students or non-geoscientist colleagues see and interpret the world differently than you do? This volume explores the distinctive ways in which geoscientists use the human senses and mind to perceive, analyze, and explain the workings of the Earth system, and then builds on those insights to suggest how to help students master the thought processes of the geosciences. Written by collaborative teams of geoscientists and cognitive scientists, the discussion includes spatial thinking, temporal thinking, systems thinking, field-based teaching and learning, the nature of expertise in geosciences, and knowledge integration in geoscience education.
Product Code:
SPE486
Published:
April 25, 2012
ISBN Number:
9780813724867
Pages:
210
Member:
$60.00
Nonmember:
$75.00
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Analogs for Planetary Exploration *SALE*

Editors: W. Brent Garry and Jacob E. Bleacher
Description:
Where on Earth is it like Mars? How were the Apollo astronauts trained to be geologists on the Moon? Are volcanoes on Earth just like the ones on other planets? The exploration of our solar system begins in our own backyard. Discoveries on other planetary bodies cannot always be easily explained. Therefore, geologic sites on this planet are used to better understand the extraterrestrial worlds we explore with humans, robots, and satellites. Analogs for Planetary Exploration is a compilation of historical accounts of astronaut geology training, overviews of planetary geology research on Mars, educational field trips to analog sites, plus concepts for future human missions to the Moon. This Special Paper provides a great overview of the science, training, and planning related to planetary exploration for students, educators, researchers, and geology enthusiasts. After all, as we learn about the solar system we can better understand our own planet Earth.
Product Code:
SPE483
Published:
December 12, 2011
ISBN Number:
9780813724836
Pages:
567
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The 2 ka Eruption of Misti Volcano, Southern Peru *SALE*

Full Title: The 2 ka Eruption of Misti Volcano, Southern Peru—The Most Recent Plinian Eruption of Arequipa’s Iconic Volcano
Authors: Christopher J. Harpel, Shanaka de Silva, and Guido Salas
Description:
Misti volcano’s last Plinian eruption, which happened ca. 2 ka, emplaced voluminous tephra-fall, pyroclastic-flow, and lahar deposits. Arequipa, located at the foot of the volcano, has a population of over 800,000 people and growing. Misti will erupt explosively again, and it is important to understand the past Plinian eruption. This Special Paper first provides a detailed description and analysis of the lahar deposits from the 2 ka eruption and the flows that emplaced them. Because Misti is located in an arid region, the authors have also included a detailed discussion of the paleoclimate conditions that provided the water for such voluminous lahars. The authors further delineate the complete eruption sequence for the pyroclastic-flow and tephra-fall deposits, providing a narrative of the eruption progression and dynamics. Finally, the book discusses the 2 ka eruption in the context of hazards from a future Plinian eruption and provides hazards maps for the different phenomena.
Product Code:
SPE484
Published:
November 28, 2011
ISBN Number:
9780813724843
Pages:
72
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Societal Challenges and Geoinformatics
*SALE*

Editors: A. Krishna Sinha, David Arctur, Ian Jackson, and Linda C. Gundersen
Description:
Geoscientists around the world recognize the urgency in developing new information management capabilities to meet the ever growing needs to discover, manage, and sustain resources, as well as to provide capabilities for forecasting adverse events for the public at large. This volume contains papers from researchers addressing some of these capabilities as they are being developed around the world, and it highlights the future goal of geoinformatics to make data and tools available for meeting societal challenges. Publications such as Societal Challenges and Geoinformatics enable researchers to share information that advances an integrative knowledge management environment and to promote data without borders.
Product Code:
SPE482
Published:
September 29, 2011
ISBN Number:
9780813724829
Pages:
191
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$60.00
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Mélanges: Processes of Formation and Societal Significance

Editors: John Wakabayashi and Yildirim Dilek
Description:
Mélanges are among the most important components of orogenic belts, and they give insights into the mode, nature, and physical conditions of those geological processes involved in plate margin evolution and orogenic belt development. They comprise blocks of varied lithologies and origins, commonly embedded in an argillitic, sandy, or serpentinite matrix. Beyond their scientific intrigue and importance, mélanges also have societal significance, because most engineering projects and studies have failed to adequately characterize their chaotic structure. The chapters in this volume highlight the richness and variety of recent research on mélanges that employs new methodology, approaches, and interpretations, which emerged in the 27 years following the 1984 publication of the benchmark GSA Special Paper 198 on mélanges. In addition to featuring new directions in interdisciplinary research on mélanges, this volume is truly international, both in terms of the nationality of the authors and the geographic coverage of the reported mélange studies.
Product Code:
SPE480
Published:
August 16, 2011
ISBN Number:
9780813724805
Pages:
279
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Geological Criteria for Evaluating Seismicity Revisited

Full Title: Geological Criteria for Evaluating Seismicity Revisited: Forty Years of Paleoseismic Investigations and the Natural Record of Past Earthquakes
Editors: Franck A. Audemard M., Alessandro Maria Michetti, and James P. McCalpin
Description:
Many of the 10 chapters in this volume deal with conventional paleoseismology by trenching, covering the entire spectrum of tectonic environments (strike-slip, normal, and thrust faults). Special Paper 479 also contains two overview papers. The first one, which is the book’s introduction, explores and explains how the seismic history of a given active fault can be discovered by geologic means (using direct or indirect indicators) for a particular tectonic setting. The second one describes and discusses how to approach lakes and their sedimentary record for paleoseismic purposes. Additionally, one chapter addresses paleoseismology of slide-dammed lakes. Last but not least, the final chapter analyzes paleoseismic data from the perspective of seismic hazard assessment.
Product Code:
SPE479
Published:
July 25, 2011
ISBN Number:
9780813724799
Pages:
204
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Volcanism and Evolution of the African Lithosphere

Editors: Luigi Beccaluva, Gianluca Bianchini, and Marjorie Wilson
Description:
The distribution of volcanism in the African plate is the surface expression of a variety of processes, many of which are poorly understood, involving interaction between the lithosphere and the underlying convective mantle. Despite the maturity of the plate tectonic paradigm, our knowledge of the processes involved in the breakup of continents and the formation of new ocean basins remains limited. The African Rift system provides a unique natural laboratory to study the transition from continental breakup to seafloor spreading. Thus, it is important to explore the similarities among the volcanic provinces of the Saharan zone, Cameroon volcanic line, Angola and Namibia, and the East African Rift system. The aim of this volume is to bring together recent and updated contributions on African volcanism (and associated mantle xenoliths), providing multidisciplinary contexts that include volcanology, geochemistry, petrology, geophysics, and structural geology, for a better understanding of the geological evolution of the African lithosphere.



[ Review from the Bulletin of Volcanology ]

Product Code:
SPE478
Published:
July 01, 2011
ISBN Number:
9780813724782
Pages:
331
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A New Geological Map of the Island of Syros
*SALE*

Full Title: A new geological map of the Island of Syros (Aegean Sea, Greece): Implications for lithostratigraphy and structural history of the Cycladic Blueschist Unit
Authors: Mark Keiter, Chris Ballhaus, and Frank Tomaschek
Description:
Syros Island, in the heart of the Cycladic archipelago, has been a key area for the study of high-pressure rocks throughout the past few decades. Excellently preserved blueschist- to eclogite-facies lithologies offer a unique opportunity to study processes of burial and exhumation in a young orogen. The authors present a new, highly detailed geological map of Syros and review the current state of research concerning this interesting island.
Product Code:
SPE481
Published:
June 21, 2011
ISBN Number:
9780813724812
Pages:
43
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Geoarchaeology, Climate Change & Sustainability *SALE*

Editors: Antony G. Brown, Laura S. Basell, and Karl W. Butzer
Description:
This volume provides a broad survey of recent advances in geoarchaeology with particular attention to environmental change. The fourteen chapters include methodologically innovative research, case studies valuable for teaching, and the use of geological techniques to answer archaeological questions from lower Paleolithic hunting to the location of Homer’s Ithaca. Geoarchaeology, Climate Change, and Sustainability also includes a major position paper and, unusually, two papers on the management of the geoarchaeological resource. Both the geographical and chronological coverage are broad ranging from the Lower Paleolithic (lower Pleistocene) to the Iron Age (late Holocene), and from rural Iran to urban Manhattan. The research presented here clearly demonstrates the value and practical application of geoarchaeological techniques from sediment-based dating to geographic information systems.
Product Code:
SPE476
Published:
April 26, 2011
ISBN Number:
9780813724768
Pages:
174
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Advances and Research Issues in Lunar Stratigraphy *SALE*

Full Title: Recent Advances and Current Research Issues in Lunar Stratigraphy
Editors: William A. Ambrose and David A. Williams
Description:
Lunar stratigraphic relationships and issues relating to their resolution occur at a wide variety of scales—from the very largest scale (impact basins), to smaller scales (large impact craters, discrete highlands, and volcanic terrains), where detailed mapping of structural, volcanic, and impact-related features has increased understanding of three-dimensional lunar stratigraphic relationships in areas where the chronological history has been unknown or incomplete. The investigations in this volume address several major questions regarding the Moon’s origin and basin history, including (1) the lunar cataclysm hypothesis; (2) the timing and relative age of major basins such as South Pole–Aitken; (3) stratigraphic relationships of basins and mare-fill units within the South Pole–Aitken; (4) recognition of cryptic basins from recent topographic data, leading to a more comprehensive lunar stratigraphic sequence; (5) internal mare stratigraphy and history of emplacement of volcanic strata in major basins; and (6) understanding the formation of lunar sinuous rilles through analysis of their final morphology, providing insight into lunar volcanic processes and local stratigraphy.
Product Code:
SPE477
Published:
March 01, 2011
ISBN Number:
9780813724775
Pages:
159
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Qualitative Inquiry in Geoscience Education Research

Editors: Anthony D. Feig and Alison Stokes
Description:
This Special Paper is for geoscientists and science educators wishing to learn more about qualitative research methodologies and their potential application in geoscience education and geocognition research. The volume presents a diverse range of papers reporting on qualitative and mixed-methods investigations into geoscience education in formal (K–12, undergraduate, and graduate) and informal settings, as well as chapters focusing on theoretical and philosophical aspects of qualitative inquiry. Various tools and approaches are explored, including validity and reliability, phenomenography, ethnography, hermeneutics, grounded theory, mixed-methods approaches, and the construction of models. As well as showcasing recent research, this volume will provide insight into an alternative research approach for those new to, interested in, or even skeptical of qualitative inquiry.
Product Code:
SPE474
Published:
February 14, 2011
ISBN Number:
9780813724744
Pages:
211
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$30.00
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Geology and Geoarchaeology of the Black Sea Region

Full Title: Geology and Geoarchaeology of the Black Sea Region: Beyond the Flood Hypothesis
Editors: Ilya V. Buynevich, Valentina Yanko-Hombach, Allan S. Gilbert, and Ronald E. Martin
Description:
Contributors from twelve countries wrote the twelve chapters in this Special Paper, and they address a range of topics, including climatic and hydrologic modeling, paleogeographic reconstruction of Late Quaternary landscapes, palynology and paleoclimate reconstruction, and geoarchaeological studies, both onshore and offshore. The volume serves as a timely reference for continuing research in a region harboring a number of newly independent states that are now faced with population pressure and a variety of environmental issues.
Product Code:
SPE473
Published:
January 05, 2011
ISBN Number:
9780813724737
Pages:
196
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High Geologic Slip Rates since Early Pleistocene Initiation

Full Title: High Geologic Slip Rates since Early Pleistocene Initiation of the San Jacinto and San Felipe Fault Zones in the San Andreas Fault System, Southern California, USA
Authors: Susanne U. Janecke, Rebecca J. Dorsey, David Forand, Alexander N. Steely, Stefan M. Kirby, Andrew T. Lutz, Bernard A. Housen, Benjamin Belgarde, Victoria E. Langenheim, and Tammy M. Rittenour
Description:
The San Jacinto right-lateral strike-slip fault zone is crucial for understanding plate-boundary dynamics, regional slip partitioning, and seismic hazards within the San Andreas fault system of southern California, yet its age of initiation and long-term average slip rate are controversial. This synthesis of prior and new detailed studies in the western Salton Trough documents initiation of structural segments of the San Jacinto fault zone at or slightly before the 1.07 Ma base of the Jaramillo subchron. In Special Paper 475, five new estimates of displacement are developed using offset successions of crystalline rocks; distinctive marker beds in the late Cenozoic basin fill; analysis of strike-slip–related fault-bend folds; quantification of strain in folds at the tips of dextral faults; and gravity, magnetic, and geomorphic data sets.
Product Code:
SPE475
Published:
January 01, 2011
ISBN Number:
9780813724751
Pages:
48
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Ancient Earthquakes

Editors: Manuel Sintubin, Iain S. Stewart, Tina M. Niemi, and Erhan Altunel
Description:
Ancient earthquakes are pre-instrumental earthquakes that can only be identified through indirect evidence in the archaeological (archaeoseismology) and geological (palaeoseismology) record. Special Paper 471 includes a selection of cases convincingly illustrating the different ways the archaeological record is used in earthquake studies. The first series of papers focuses on the relationship between human prehistory and tectonically active environments, and on the wide range of societal responses to historically known earthquakes. The bulk of papers concerns archaeoseismology, showing the diversity of approaches, the wide range of disciplines involved, and its potential to contribute to a better understanding of earthquake history. Ancient Earthquakes will be of interest to the broad community of earth scientists, seismologists, historians, and archaeologists active in and around archaeological sites in the many regions around the world threatened by seismic hazards. This Special Paper frames in the International Geoscience Programme IGCP 567 “Earthquake Archaeology: Archaeoseismology along the Alpine-Himalayan Seismic Zone.”
Product Code:
SPE471
Published:
October 26, 2010
ISBN Number:
9780813724713
Pages:
280
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$25.00
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Sixth Hutton Symposium

Full Title: Sixth Hutton Symposium on the Origin of Granites and Related Rocks
Editors: John D. Clemens, Colin Donaldson, Carol D. Frost, Alexander F.M. Kisters, Jean-François Moyen, Tracy Rushmer, and Gary Stevens
Description:
This Special Paper contains proceedings from the Sixth Hutton Symposium on the Origin of Granites and Related Rocks, which was held in Stellenbosch, South Africa, from 2–6 July 2007. Opening with an historical account of how the Cape granites influenced thinking on the origins of these rocks in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the balance of the volume’s papers cover the many ways in which granite research is evolving. In his preface outlining the volume’s 16 papers, John D. Clemens notes, “...there is a great degree of variety here, and something for nearly every taste.”
Product Code:
SPE472
Published:
August 25, 2010
ISBN Number:
9780813724720
Pages:
251
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$40.00
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$40.00
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What Is a Volcano?

Editors: Edgardo Cañón-Tapia and Alexandru Szakács
Description:
Humankind has been aware of volcanic activity in this planet since ancient times. Consequently, it is only fair to say that at present almost everyone has an “intuitive” knowledge of what a volcano is. Nevertheless, as this book reveals, attempting a formal definition of a “volcano” that includes the most recent advances and discoveries is not trivial. As shown by the chapters in this book, it is possible to advance more than one formal definition of such an apparently simple term. By discussing the pivotal concept of the discipline—volcano—the contributors roam around the fundamental conceptual core of volcanology. While it is not claimed that a person who reads all nine chapters will arrive at a final answer to the question posed by the book’s title, fundamental concepts are discussed in the light of the philosophy of science and classical philosophy, providing those approaches a more general intellectual flavor beyond the strictly scientific and technical aspects. Conceptual approaches included in this book also allow for highlighting possible new avenues of basic volcanological research in the future.
Product Code:
SPE470
Published:
August 19, 2010
ISBN Number:
9780813724706
Pages:
140
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Central-Southern Apennines, Italy

Full Title: Geology and Tectonic Evolution of the Central-Southern Apennines, Italy
Authors: Livio Vezzani, Andrea Festa, and Francesca C. Ghisetti
Description:
This richly illustrated book, with its accompanying CD-ROM of full-color geological maps (scale 1:250,000) and stratigraphic-structural documentation, provides a comprehensive review of the geology and tectonics of the central-southern Apennines, one of the classical fold-and-thrust belts of the Alpine orogeny. It is a useful and up-to-date reference for researchers, teachers, and explorationists and can be used to plan either real or virtual field trips to some of the most beautiful mountain areas of Italy.
Product Code:
SPE469
Published:
July 26, 2010
ISBN Number:
9780813724690
Pages:
58
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$15.00
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Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV

Editors: Roger L. Gibson and Wolf Uwe Reimold
Description:
Impact cratering is now ubiquitously recognized as a fundamental geological and planetological process that has decisively contributed to the formation and evolution of all bodies in the Solar System. In the tradition of the previous Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution Special Papers of the Geological Society of America, this volume presents the outcomes of current impact cratering research of both planetological and terrestrial scope. The contents include planetary cratering studies involving both remote sensing analysis and numerical modelling—regarding both formation of impact structures on Earth and elsewhere. Furthermore, a range of geological, geophysical, and remote sensing studies of terrestrial crater structures, as well as multidisciplinary laboratory investigations of natural and experimentally produced impactites are reported. This volume relates new discoveries of possible impact structures and confirmation of others, and it is a widely applicable source book for information about the impact cratering process and impact crater studies.
Product Code:
SPE465
Published:
July 26, 2010
ISBN Number:
9780813724652
Pages:
660
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Late Paleozoic Glacial Events & Postglacial Transgressions

Editors: Oscar R. López-Gamundí and Luis A. Buatois


Less than 5 remaining in stock

Description:
This collection of papers covers state-of-the-art critical topics related to the Late Paleozoic Glaciation and deglaciation-triggered sea-level rise that affected Gondwana. Those topics include the sequence stratigraphic framework of postglacial transgressions and their influence on the salinity of the postglacial coastlines, faunas (including the Levipustula Fauna) and floras associated with the Late Paleozoic Glaciation, ichnofacies related to this paleoclimatic episode, and relatively less known glacial deposits in some Gondwanan regions. One chapter challenges the popular interpretation that there was a single massive ice sheet over much of Gondwana during the late Paleozoic glaciation.
Product Code:
SPE468
Published:
July 19, 2010
ISBN Number:
9780813724683
Pages:
207
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Miocene Tectonics of the Lake Mead Region, Central Basin

Full Title: Miocene Tectonics of the Lake Mead Region, Central Basin and Range
Editors: Paul J. Umhoefer, L. Sue Beard, and Melissa A. Lamb
Description:
The Lake Mead region is in the eastern part of the Central Basin and Range, a classic extensional belt. Many seminal papers have been published based on research around Lake Mead: low-angle normal faulting was first recognized here, large-scale extension was demonstrated and quantified, and the rolling hinge hypothesis was first proposed. Ongoing research seeks to address the interplay of extensional and strike-slip faults and shortening features and to understand the driving forces behind deformation in this area. This volume’s 19 chapters provide insights that are not only relevant to this area but to extensional processes in general. This Special Paper provides a historical overview of research of the region, a 1:250,000 regional geologic map centered on Lake Mead, and a geophysical analysis of the region’s basins and faults. The remaining chapters focus on Miocene basins and structure, new tectonic models, and a new and controversial model of large-volume dissolution accompanying extension in the Mormon Mountains. This volume is dedicated to R. Ernie Anderson, whose contributions span more than fifty years of research.
Product Code:
SPE463
Published:
June 02, 2010
ISBN Number:
9780813724638
Pages:
441
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Interdisciplinary Studies of the Bering Glacier

Full Title: Bering Glacier: Interdisciplinary Studies of Earth’s Largest Temperate Surging Glacier
Editors: Robert A. Shuchman and Edward G. Josberger
Description:
Bering Glacier is the largest surging glacier in the world, having surged at least six times in the last 150 years. With the glacier advancing and retreating as much as 10 km over a surge cycle, it is one of the most physically and biologically dynamic places on Earth. This monograph presents the results of a comprehensive and diverse series of field studies and science investigations at Bering Glacier. The results reported are from a wide range of disciplines, including glaciology, geology, paleogeology, hydrology, limnology, oceanography, tectonics, geomorphology, geophysics, meteorology, remote sensing, climate change, anthropology, and ecological studies pertaining to vegetation, fish, and marine mammals. The compilation of these individual studies into a single publication allows for a more complete understanding of how the approximately 5,000 km2 Bering Glacier system plays a major role in the greater southeastern coastal region of Alaska and through its wastage, its impact on the circulation of the northeast Pacific Ocean and on the global sea level.
Product Code:
SPE462
Published:
May 12, 2010
ISBN Number:
9780813724621
Pages:
384
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The Ordovician Earth System

Editors: Stanley C. Finney and William B.N. Berry
Description:
The Ordovician period is a significant chapter in Earth’s history that included the great Mid-Ordovician biodiversification event, the Hirnantian glaciation, and long-term greenhouse conditions. Ordovician rocks are widespread on most continents and the recent finalization of a modern chronostratigraphic classification of the Ordovician system now facilitates high-resolution correlations that allow for integrated multidisciplinary research. The diverse papers comprising this volume address orogenesis, paleogeography, climate modeling, sedimentation, biodiversity, and isotopic excursions; together they promote an integrated view of the Ordovician earth system.
Product Code:
SPE466
Published:
April 30, 2010
ISBN Number:
9780813724669
Pages:
193
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$15.00
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Mining and Metallurgy in Ancient Perú

Author: Georg Petersen G.
Translator: William E. Brooks
Description:
Translated by William E. Brooks.

In 2009, Perú was the world’s leading producer of silver, the world’s second leading producer of copper, and the leading producer of gold in Latin America. However, Perú’s role as a producer of metals extends for centuries into the past. Mining and Metallurgy in Ancient Perú documents the use of minerals, metals, and mineral resources in ancient Perú for pigments, industrial stone, and the aesthetic and artistic use of gold, silver, copper, and platinum. The tools and methods used for mining, as well as ancient mining sites in the extensive Andean region, are described here, as are metallurgical techniques and fabrication procedures. The volume also provides forward-thinking analytical data on metals, artifacts, and alloys. A detailed pyrite mirror, featured on the cover of the book, symbolizes the spectacular workmanship and blending of utilitarian craft and mineral resources in ancient Perú.

Product Code:
SPE467
Published:
April 06, 2010
ISBN Number:
9780813724676
Pages:
90
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$10.00
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Stratigraphy and Geology of Volcanic Areas

Editors: Gianluca Groppelli and Lothar Viereck-Goette
Description:
This book represents the state-of-the-art methodological aspects for mapping volcanic areas and highlights recent studies on the stratigraphy, structure, and evolution of active and extinct volcanic terrains, identifying the most important features of a volcano. The papers present new and innovative geological and hazard maps of volcanic terrains, and deal with the definition of mappable units during the field survey. The maps in the book and on the CD-ROM illustrate that the geological map can be a warehouse in which to store data on past eruptions and intereruption phenomena with significant implications for volcanic hazard assessment; volcanological features; petrographic, geochemical, and petrological studies; and geophysical models. Recent geological maps document the applicability of the concept of synthemic units as the main feature that can be used to synthesize and map the volcanic evolution of an area. We hope that this book will be used for further discussions and analyses to help establish a common world methodology for mapping volcanic areas.
Product Code:
SPE464
Published:
April 06, 2010
ISBN Number:
9780813724645
Pages:
291
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$25.00
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America's Most Vulnerable Coastal Communities

Editors: Joseph T. Kelley, Orrin H. Pilkey, and J. Andrew G. Cooper
Description:
Sea level is rising, and yet Americans continue to develop beaches with little regard. In this volume, a group of coastal geologists discusses the startling saga of ten U.S. East and Gulf Coast shoreline communities (plus Puerto Rico and some western Europe strands) and the problems created by their inevitable interaction with natural processes in this highly dynamic geologic environment. The authors discuss the geologic context of the hazards of each site as the history of societal responses and their environmental impacts. Response to the natural coastal processes that threaten lives and buildings is carried out in a context of local, state and national politics with fixed short-term engineering solutions (beach replenishment, seawalls) generally favored over longer-term approaches (moving back, prohibition of seawalls). This essential GSA Special Paper foreshadows the impending rise of sea level and the myriad of shoreline responses and political controversies it will provoke.
Product Code:
SPE460
Published:
December 11, 2009
ISBN Number:
9780813724607
Pages:
179
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$15.00
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Field Geology Education

Full Title: Field Geology Education: Historical Perspectives and Modern Approaches
Editors: Steven J. Whitmeyer, David W. Mogk, and Eric J. Pyle
Description:
Field instruction has traditionally been at the core of the geoscience curriculum. The field experience has been integral to the professional development of future geoscientists, and is particularly important as it applies to student understanding of spatial, temporal, and complex relations in the Earth system. As important as field experiences have been to geosciences education and the training of geoscientists, the current situation calls for discipline-wide reflection of the role of field experiences in the geoscience curriculum in light of practical and logistical challenges, evolution in employment opportunities for geoscientists, and changing emphases in the geoscience curriculum. This volume seeks to broaden participation in field instruction by showcasing diverse approaches to teaching in the field across the many geo-disciplines encompassed by GSA.
Product Code:
SPE461
Published:
December 07, 2009
ISBN Number:
9780813724614
Pages:
356
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$20.00
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$20.00
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Hydrothermal Processes, Yellowstone Magma Chamber

Full Title: Hydrothermal Processes above the Yellowstone Magma Chamber: Large Hydrothermal Systems and Large Hydrothermal Explosions
Authors: Lisa A. Morgan, W.C. Pat Shanks, III, and Kenneth L. Pierce
Description:
Home to more than 10,000 thermal features, Yellowstone has experienced over 20 large hydrothermal explosions producing craters from 100 to >2500 meters in diameter during the past 16,000 years. Using new mapping, sampling, and analysis techniques, this volume documents a broad spectrum of ages and geologic settings for these events and considers additional processes and alternative triggering mechanisms that have not been explored in previous studies. Although large hydrothermal explosions are rare on the human time scale, the potential for future explosions in Yellowstone is not insignificant, and events large enough to create a 100-m-wide crater might be expected every 200 years. This work presents information useful for determining the timing, distribution, and possible causes of these events in Yellowstone, which will aid in the planning of monitoring strategies and the anticipation of hydrothermal explosions.
Product Code:
SPE459
Published:
November 11, 2009
ISBN Number:
9780813724591
Pages:
95
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$15.00
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$15.00
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ICDP-USGS Deep Drilling Project in the Chesapeake Bay

Full Title: The ICDP-USGS Deep Drilling Project in the Chesapeake Bay Impact Structure: Results from the Eyreville Core Holes
Editors: Gregory S. Gohn, Christian Koeberl, Kenneth G. Miller, and Wolf Uwe Reimold
Description:
In 2005 and 2006, an international deep drilling project, conceived and organized under the auspices of the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program and the U.S. Geological Survey, continuously cored three boreholes to a total depth of 1.766 km near the center of the Chesapeake Bay impact structure in Northampton County, Virginia. This volume presents the initial results of geologic, petrographic, geochemical, paleontologic, geophysical, hydrologic, and microbiologic analyses of the Eyreville cores, which constitute a step forward in our understanding of the Chesapeake Bay impact structure and marine impact structures in general. The editors have organized this extensive volume into the following sections: geologic columns; borehole geophysical studies; regional geophysical studies; crystalline rocks, impactites, and impact models; sedimentary breccias; post-impact sediments; hydrologic and geothermal studies; and microbiologic studies. The multidisciplinary approach to the study of this impact structure should provide a valuable example for future scientific drilling investigations.
Product Code:
SPE458
Published:
October 15, 2009
ISBN Number:
9780813724584
Pages:
975
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$20.00
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$20.00
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Adventures Through Deep Time

Full Title: Adventures Through Deep Time: The Central Mississippi River Valley and Its Earthquakes
Author: Roy Van Arsdale
Description:
This volume presents the geologic history of the central Mississippi River Valley and the surrounding area from the Precambrian through the Holocene. Its focal point is the New Madrid seismic zone that both threatens and intrigues us. The book begins with a brief presentation of the geologic history of the southeastern United States, and subsequent chapters expand upon particular periods of time, discussing the most important regional geologic events and how those events affected the central Mississippi River Valley. The concluding chapters discuss the geology and seismology of the New Madrid seismic zone. This work is written to engage a wide range of geologists, from beginners to those who are thinking of conducting research in the Mississippi River Valley. The author’s casual writing style makes the book a pleasure to read while also updating readers on the geology of the Mississippi Valley and its earthquakes.
Product Code:
SPE455
Published:
August 27, 2009
ISBN Number:
9780813724553
Pages:
107
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Crustal Cross Sections, W. North American Cordillera

Full Title: Crustal Cross Sections from the Western North American Cordillera and Elsewhere: Implications for Tectonic and Petrologic Processes
Editors: Robert B. Miller and Arthur W. Snoke
Description:
Exposed crustal cross sections provide a unique direct view of continental crust, and are a major source of insights into variations in lithologic and geochemical composition, structural style, metamorphism, plutonism, and rheology with progressive depth through the crust. This volume provides a synthesis of crustal cross sections with a special emphasis on Phanerozoic sections from the western North American Cordillera, supplemented by articles on lower- and mid-crustal sections through Proterozoic crust in North America and Australia, and the classic crustal section of Fiordland, New Zealand. Many of the papers describe multidisciplinary research on crustal sections and include data from various combinations of structural analysis, geochemistry, geothermobarometry, geochronology, geophysics, and other disciplines. The volume also discusses common problems for the interpretation of crustal cross sections, including how sections that expose deep-crustal rocks are eventually exhumed, and leading to the conclusion that there is no simple “standard model” for continental crust. This volume will be useful to those interested in structural geology, tectonics, geodynamics, regional geology, petrology, geochemistry/isotope geology, and geophysics.
Product Code:
SPE456
Published:
August 24, 2009
ISBN Number:
9780813724560
Pages:
286
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Westward Subduction in the North American Cordillera

Full Title: Did Westward Subduction Cause Cretaceous-Tertiary Orogeny in the North American Cordillera?
Author: Robert S. Hildebrand
Description:
This volume describes an iconoclastic model for the Cretaceous–Tertiary development of the Cordilleran orogen. Hildebrand argues that the orogeny was collisional in origin, caused by westerly-dipping subduction beneath an exotic ribbon continent named Rubia, and followed by development of an eastward-dipping subduction zone outboard of the collision zone. This model explains the origin of Laramide thick-skinned deformation, Cordilleran-type batholiths, early Tertiary metamorphic core complexes, Basin and Range extension, porphyry copper deposits, and the Pelona-Orocopia-Rand schists, and it helps resolve the longstanding Baja–British Columbia controversy.
Product Code:
SPE457
Published:
July 06, 2009
ISBN Number:
9780813724577
Pages:
71
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$28.00
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$40.00
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Earth Science in the Urban Ocean

Full Title: Earth Science in the Urban Ocean: The Southern California Continental Borderland
Editors: Homa J. Lee and William R. Normark
Description:
The Southern California Continental Borderland and the associated Western Transverse Ranges constitute one of the most distinctive environments on the west coast of North America. During the past 20 years, the U.S. Geological Survey, along with many Southern California scientific partners, has conducted extensive research on geologic and oceanographic processes in the urban ocean off Southern California. The overall goal of this research has been to explore the impact that natural processes of the Borderland have on human population, and vice versa. This volume summarizes much of our recent efforts to understand fundamental natural processes through a series of six sections. Section 1 deals with surficial seafloor mapping and characterization. Sections 2 and 3 deal with fundamental geologic and oceanographic processes that introduce, transport, and deposit sediment particles and contaminants in the Southern California Bight. The remaining three sections investigate the impacts the geologic and oceanographic environments have on the human inhabitants in Southern California and the related impacts these inhabitants have on the environment.
Product Code:
SPE454
Published:
May 01, 2009
ISBN Number:
9780813724546
Pages:
481
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Random Megascale Events, Mars and Earth

Full Title: Preservation of Random Megascale Events on Mars and Earth: Influence on Geologic History
Editors: Mary G. Chapman and Laszlo P. Keszthelyi
Description:
This volume aims to expand and update our geoscience horizons by examining various short-duration random geologic processes that have been recognized on both Earth and Mars and the preservation potential of their geologic record on Earth as compared to Mars, and by considering the effects of such processes on the evolution of Earth. The authors in this GSA Special Paper explore a broad spectrum of topics in great detail by documenting specific examples. This variety of topics will undoubtedly be of interest to a wide range of readers, and will provide a readily accessible way for geologists to expand their geoscience horizons.
Product Code:
SPE453
Published:
April 28, 2009
ISBN Number:
9780813724539
Pages:
86
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Late Cenozoic Structure and Evolution of the Great Basin

Full Title: Late Cenozoic Structure and Evolution of the Great Basin—Sierra Nevada Transition
Editors: John S. Oldow and Patricia H. Cashman
Description:
The transition between the Sierra Nevada and the Great Basin has received substantial attention over the past decade, due in part to the recognition that nearly 25% of the relative motion between the Pacific and North American plates is localized along this tectonic boundary. The boundary evolved during the Late Cenozoic as relative plate motion was broadly distributed from the California borderland into the Mojave Desert and Basin and Range Province. This volume contains 16 papers presenting new results on the geology, geophysics, geodesy, and paleontology of areas within and encompassing the boundary zone stretching from southern California to central Oregon.
Product Code:
SPE447
Published:
April 22, 2009
ISBN Number:
9780813724478
Pages:
372
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The World in a Crucible

Full Title: The World in a Crucible: Laboratory Practice and Geological Theory at the Beginning of Geology
Author: Sally Newcomb
Description:
Geology coalesced as a discipline in the early part of the nineteenth century, with the coming together of many strands of investigation and thought. The theme of experimentation and/or instrument-aided observation is absent from most recent accounts of that time, which rely on an admixture of theory and field observations, informed by close examination of minerals. James Hutton emerged as the person who had it right with suggestion of a central heat source for Earth, while Abraham Gottlob Werner and his Neptunist supporters were derided as being blinded by overarching belief, as opposed to sober application of observed facts. However, despite several claims that Hutton had won the day, primary literature from both England and the Continent reveals that the question was by no means settled for decades after Hutton derided information derived from “looking into a little crucible.” This Special Paper makes the case that it was just those parameters of heat, pressure, solution, and composition discovered in the laboratory that prevented resolution of the overriding questions about rock origin.
Product Code:
SPE449
Published:
April 22, 2009
ISBN Number:
9780813724492
Pages:
186
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Management and Restoration of Fluvial Systems

Full Title: Management and Restoration of Fluvial Systems with Broad Historical Changes and Human Impacts
Editors: L. Allan James, Sara L. Rathburn, G. Richard Whittecar
Description:
Rivers serve as the arteries of environmental systems, the lateral connections that convey pulses of water, sediment, and nutrients down through valley networks. In most watersheds, fluvial geomorphic processes and surface hydrology operate dynamically at various temporal and spatial scales, and intimately influence both flood and drought hazards. Management of surface-water resources has become increasingly urgent as concerns escalate over global environmental change, water scarcity, food production, resource sustainability, and biodiversity. Thus, the science of rivers and the human dimensions of river management now receive unprecedented study. The fourteen papers in this volume bridge classic late-twentieth-century fluvial geomorphology with modern concepts of river management and restoration. They apply perspectives of integrated watershed science, anthropogenic impacts, and historical changes to a modern fluvial geomorphology.
Product Code:
SPE451
Published:
April 15, 2009
ISBN Number:
9780813724515
Pages:
229
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The Late Eocene Earth—Hothouse, Icehouse, and Impacts

Editors: Christian Koeberl and Alessandro Montanari
Description:
The Late Eocene and the Eocene-Oligocene (E-O) transition mark the most profound oceanographic and climatic changes of the past 50 million years of Earth history, with cooling beginning in the middle Eocene and culminating in the major earliest Oligocene Oi-1 isotopic event. The Late Eocene is characterized by an accelerated global cooling, with a sharp temperature drop near the E-O boundary, and significant stepwise floral and faunal turnovers. These global climate changes are commonly attributed to the expansion of the Antarctic ice cap following its gradual isolation from other continental masses. However, multiple extraterrestrial bolide impacts, possibly related to a comet shower that lasted more than 2 million years, may have played an important role in deteriorating the global climate at that time. This book provides an up-to-date review of what happened on Earth at the end of the Eocene Epoch.
Product Code:
SPE452
Published:
April 06, 2009
ISBN Number:
9780813724522
Pages:
322
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The Permian Extinction and the Tethys

Full Title: The Permian Extinction and the Tethys: An Exercise in Global Geology
Authors: A.M. Celâl Sengör and Saniye Atayman
Description:
Understanding the cause of the extinction that wiped out some 95% of the living species at the end of the Paleozoic era has been one of the greatest problems in the earth and life sciences. All explanations so far proposed have been based on global causes. What has so far been overlooked, however, is that when the extinction occurred all landmasses had been together in one giant continent, Pangea, which completely enclosed an inner ocean, the Paleo-Tethys. This internal ocean included the richest niches in the late Permian world and the extinctions occurred within and around it, giving the decimation the aspect of a universal extinction. What little data we have from the rest of the world indicate that the same extinction did not happen there, except where it was polluted by Paleo-Tethyan spills. This book documents this history and shows that the Permian extinction was an expected result of the peculiarity of the global geography then.
Product Code:
SPE448
Published:
March 30, 2009
ISBN Number:
9780813724485
Pages:
86
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Paleoenvironments of Bear Lake, Utah and Idaho

Full Title: Paleoenvironments of Bear Lake, Utah and Idaho, and Its Catchment
Editors: Joseph G. Rosenbaum and Darrell S. Kaufman
Description:
Bear Lake is located 100 km northeast of Salt Lake City and lies along the course of the Bear River, the largest river in the Great Basin. The lake, which is one of the oldest extant lakes in North America, occupies a tectonically active half-graben and contains hundreds of meters of Quaternary sediment. This volume is the culmination of more than a decade of coordinated investigations aimed at a holistic understanding of this long-lived alkaline lake in the semiarid western United States. Its 14 chapters, with 20 contributing authors, contain geological, mineralogical, geochemical, paleontological, and limnological studies extending from the drainage basin to the depocenter. The studies span both modern and paleoenvironments, including a 120-m-long sediment core that captures a continuous record of the last two glacial-interglacial cycles.
Product Code:
SPE450
Published:
March 13, 2009
ISBN Number:
9780813724508
Pages:
351
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The Geology of Early Humans in the Horn of Africa

Editors: Jay Quade and Jonathan G. Wynn
Description:
Summarizing new geological research in the Horn of Africa—a region well known for the record of human evolution—this volume focuses on four research projects that surround the long-studied Hadar Research Area. These research projects—Dikika, Gona, Hadar, and Ledi-Geraru—cover the geology of most of the Lower Awash Valley. The authors’ new research and inter-project collaborative efforts help to understand the chronology and context of some of our earliest ancestors.
Product Code:
SPE446
Published:
December 18, 2008
ISBN Number:
9780813724461
Pages:
234
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The Franciscan Subduction Complex

Full Title: Deformation and Exhumation at Convergent Margins: The Franciscan Subduction Complex
Author: Uwe Ring
Description:
The Franciscan subduction complex formed a long-lived accretionary wedge of Late Jurassic through Oligocene age that fringed the western edge of the North American Cordillera. This volume summarizes absolute finite-strain data from the Franciscan subduction complex and brittle strain data from important faults in and above this complex. Because the Franciscan is generally considered a prototypical sediment-rich subduction complex, its tectonic evolution is important for understanding convergent plate margins, and the results outlined in this volume may have broad implications for other subduction-zone settings.
Product Code:
SPE445
Published:
November 13, 2008
ISBN Number:
9780813724454
Pages:
61
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Investigations into the Tectonics of the Tibetan Plateau

Editors: B.Clark Burchfiel and Erchie Wang
Description:
This volume includes a variety of papers on the tectonics of the Tibetan Plateau and the Iranian Plateau that were presented at the first joint meeting between the Geological Society of America and the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Each paper deals with a different aspect of the geology and/or the geophysics of the tectonic evolution of the plateau. Although most of the papers discuss areas in the northeastern part of the plateau, one concentrates on the complexity of the Cenozoic shear zones in Yunnan and one focuses on the late Cenozoic extensional tectonism along the western margin of the Iranian Plateau. Several papers discuss aspects of Tibetan tectonics not covered in any other papers and arrive at unique interpretations.
Product Code:
SPE444
Published:
October 23, 2008
ISBN Number:
9780813724447
Pages:
122
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Holocene Climate Change and Sea-Level Rise

Full Title: Response of Upper Gulf Coast Estuaries to Holocene Climate Change and Sea-Level Rise
Editors: John B. Anderson and Antonio B. Rodriguez
Description:
One of the main impacts of global warming is accelerated sea-level rise: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predictions suggest that the rate of rise could reach as high as 5–10 mm/yr by the end of this century. While it is generally recognized that accelerated sea-level rise will severely impact low-gradient coastlines, scientists are still ill prepared to predict coastal response. A study of seven Gulf Coast estuaries (Mobile Bay and Mississippi Sound, Weeks Bay, Calcasieu Lake, Sabine Lake, Galveston Bay, Matagorda Bay, and Corpus Christi Bay) was aimed at examining their response to past changes in the rate of sea-level rise and climate. The rates of change are of the same magnitude as those predicted for this century. The estuarine response to change has been one of abrupt landward retreat and major reorganization of estuarine environments at decadal time scales. This book should be of interest to scientists and policy makers concerned with future impacts of global warming.
Product Code:
SPE443
Published:
August 20, 2008
ISBN Number:
9780813724430
Pages:
146
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Resolving the Late Paleozoic Ice Age in Time and Space

Editors: Christopher R. Fielding, Tracy D. Frank, and John L. Isbell


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Description:
This volume summarizes new developments in understanding the longest-lived icehouse period in Phanerozoic Earth history, the late Paleozoic ice age. Resolving the Late Paleozoic Ice Age in Time and Space provides summaries of existing and new data from the various Gondwanan continental relics, and also reviews stratigraphic successions from the paleotropical and temperate regions of Laurussia that preserve an indirect record of glaciation. It addresses the extent to which records of glaciation indicate protracted, long-term climatic austerity, as opposed to fluctuating, more dynamic climate, and provides new constraints on the timing of glaciation. Additionally, it tackles questions of synchroneity of glaciation across the various Gondwanan continental relics, and timing relationships between near-field and far-field records at greater levels of resolution than has been possible previously. Results point toward a dynamic icehouse regime that is comparable to the Cenozoic icehouse, and away from traditional interpretations of the late Paleozoic ice age as a single, protracted event that involved stable, long-lived ice centers.
Product Code:
SPE441
Published:
July 31, 2008
ISBN Number:
9780813724416
Pages:
354
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When Did Plate Tectonics Begin on Planet Earth?

Editors: Kent C. Condie and Victoria Pease
Description:
Inspired by a GSA Penrose Conference held in Lander, Wyoming, June 14 18, 2006, this volume discusses the beginning and evolution of plate tectonics on Earth, and gives readers an introduction to some of the uncertainties and controversies related to the evolution of the planet. In the first three sections of the book, which cover isotopic, geochemical, metamorphic, mineralization, and mantle geodynamic constraints, a variety of papers address the question of when “modern-style” plate tectonics began on planet Earth. The next set of papers focuses on the geodynamic or geophysical constraints for the beginning of plate tectonics. The volume’s final section synthesizes a broad range of evidence, from planetary analogues and geodynamic modeling, to Earth’s preserved geologic record. This work provides an excellent graduate level text summarizing the current state of knowledge and will be of interest to a wide range of earth and planetary scientists.

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Product Code:
SPE440
Published:
July 31, 2008
ISBN Number:
9780813724409
Pages:
294
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The Terrane Puzzle

Full Title: The Terrane Puzzle: New Perspectives on Paleontology and Stratigraphy from the North American Cordillera
Editors: Robert B. Blodgett and George D. Stanley Jr.
Description:
Displaced or tectonostratigraphic terranes comprise a huge portion of real estate in the North American Cordillera. Terranes are discrete, fault-bound blocks of regional extent, with rocks and fossils that differ to a great extent from those of adjacent blocks. The allochthonous nature of most terranes, relative to adjacent craton, is well established. When mapped, they resemble a collage of mixed rock types, tectonic styles, metamorphism, and volcanic origins—each part resembling the pieces of a puzzle. Terrane studies remain integral to understanding the geological evolution of western North America. Since the initiation of the concept summarized in 1979 by the late David L. Jones, the significance of fossils and stratigraphy has been key to solving the puzzle. Chapters of this book written by experts in their field, provide a sense of the diversity of approaches in paleontology and stratigraphy. Contributions span geologic time from the Precambrian (Vendian) to Cretaceous and address over 20 Cordilleran terranes.
Product Code:
SPE442
Published:
July 03, 2008
ISBN Number:
9780813724423
Pages:
326
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Late Cenozoic Drainage History, Great Basin

Full Title: Late Cenozoic Drainage History of the Southwestern Great Basin and Lower Colorado River Region: Geologic and Biotic Perspectives
Description:
The late Cenozoic history of surface waters in the arid deserts of the southwestern Great Basin and lower Colorado River region has fascinated scientists for more than two centuries. A wide diversity of closed basins with ancient lake beds and partially integrated drainage systems tantalizes scientists with the potential for studies of fundamental geologic and biologic processes, including landscape evolution, climate history, and tectonics; the distribution of regional aquatic biota; and the history of isolation and speciation. Early models of regional drainage history have been revised during the past decade, along with biogeographic inquiries of diverse aquatic organisms. The papers in this volume summarize and integrate geologic and biotic perspectives to provide a current synthesis of the aquatic history of this fascinating western North American region, and to develop broader perspectives on the types of research addressing issues of regional drainage history.
Product Code:
SPE439
Published:
May 07, 2008
ISBN Number:
9780813724393
Pages:
432
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Sedimentary Record in Arc Collision Zones

Full Title: Formation and Applications of the Sedimentary Record in Arc Collision Zones
Editors: Amy E. Draut, Peter D. Clift, and David W. Scholl
Description:
Inspired by a GSA Penrose Conference held in 2005 (cosponsored by the International Association of Sedimentologists and the British Sedimentological Research Group), the 17 papers in this volume explore sedimentary environments in arc collision zones and their utility in recording the evolution of modern and ancient convergent margins. The first set of papers in the collection focuses on formation and evolution of the sedimentary record in arc settings and arc collision zones, concentrating on modern intra-oceanic examples. Papers include studies of flexural modeling and factors that affect development of siliciclastic and carbonate deposits around modern arcs. The second half of the volume presents new applications of arc sedimentary records. These relate primarily to constraining tectonic events in the evolution of arc systems, but also concern the links among tectonic uplift, collision, and geomorphic and climatic feedback mechanisms in arc collision zones.
Product Code:
SPE436
Published:
April 23, 2008
ISBN Number:
9780813724362
Pages:
403
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The Sedimentary Record of Meteorite Impacts

Editors: Kevin R. Evans, J. Wright Horton Jr., David T. King Jr., and Jared R. Morrow
Description:
Large meteorite impacts are agents of sedimentation; sedimentary particles are generated through brecciation, which then are transported, emplaced, and deposited. Up until the 1960s, the geologic community largely regarded meteorite impacts as geologic sideshows and curiosities, which were inherently controversial. Today, it is widely recognized that large impacts have played a pivotal role in the evolution of Earth’s biota and sculpted the surface of the planet. Although the future holds risks of impact, ancient impact structures may also be viewed as resources, where breccia bodies and peripheral strata host accumulations of hydrocarbons and ore deposits. This Special Paper examines the sedimentary record of impacts, including the generation of impact melts in sedimentary target rocks; structures such as Chesapeake Bay, Gardnos, Lockne, Mjølnir, and Weaubleau; and distal deposits from the Alamo, Avak, and Chicxulub impacts.
Product Code:
SPE437
Published:
April 14, 2008
ISBN Number:
9780813724379
Pages:
213
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Ophiolites, Arcs, and Batholiths: A Tribute to Cliff Hopson

Editors: James E. Wright and John W. Shervais
Description:
The western U.S. cordillera developed as an accretionary orogen from the early Paleozoic until the present. Much of our knowledge concerning ophiolite genesis, arc volcanism, and batholith emplacement finds it roots in the study of this orogenic belt. Cliff Hopson has made significant contributions to our understanding of the origin of ophiolites, arcs, and batholiths—including seminal studies of the Coast Range ophiolite of California, the Semail ophiolite of Oman, batholith emplacement in the Cascades, and basalts from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. This volume honors Hopson’s contributions with papers by his many colleagues and former students. The papers focus on ophiolites, arcs, and batholiths in western cordillera, with additional contributions on adjacent regions and the ophiolite conundrum.
Product Code:
SPE438
Published:
April 03, 2008
ISBN Number:
9780813724386
Pages:
572
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Paleontology of the Upper Eocene Florissant Formation

Full Title: Paleontology of the Upper Eocene Florissant Formation, Colorado
Editors: Herbert W. Meyer and Dena M. Smith


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Description:
The Upper Eocene Florissant Formation of central Colorado contains an exceptionally preserved, highly diverse assemblage of fossil plants and insects along with some vertebrates. This volume offers 11 diverse contributions, including the history of the paleontological study of the site; new models for the role of biofilms in fossil preservation; the relevance to interpretations of paleoclimate, biogeography, and the Eocene-Oligocene floral transition; plant-insect associations during the Eocene; morphometric approaches to fossil spider identification; a summary of the mammalian fauna; the mineralogical preservation of the fossil woods and conservation strategies for the petrified forest; and the development of a new database to compile a complete inventory of the fossils and their taxonomy. The volume is partially the outcome of a GSA symposium that was held during the 2004 annual meeting, and it reports many of the newest advances in our understanding of Florissant during the past decade.
Product Code:
SPE435
Published:
February 27, 2008
ISBN Number:
9780813724355
Pages:
177
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Exhumation, Continental Strike-Slip Fault Systems

Full Title: Exhumation Associated with Continental Strike-Slip Fault Systems
Editors: Alison B. Till, Sarah M. Roeske, James C. Sample, and David A. Foster
Description:
Regional exhumation associated with strike-slip fault motion was first observed by Raymond A. Price (1979), who linked Eocene crustal stretching in the southern Canadian Rockies with strike-slip displacement on the Tintina fault system. Since that observation, examples of exhumation in continental strike-slip fault systems have been recognized in both transtensional and transpressional tectonic settings. Standard theory of strike-slip faulting does not provide obvious mechanisms for the exhumation process. The papers in this volume examine exhumation processes along major modern and ancient strike-slip fault systems at a wide range of scales in both depth and width using a broad spectrum of geological and geophysical methods. Results from these studies of transtensional and transpressional tectonic settings in western North America, South America, Asia, and New Zealand show that exhumation processes are diverse and contribute significantly to understanding the interaction of continental strike-slip faults with mid- to lower-crustal structures.
Product Code:
SPE434
Published:
December 26, 2007
ISBN Number:
9780813724348
Pages:
264
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Whence the Mountains?

Full Title: Whence the Mountains? Inquiries into the Evolution of Orogenic Systems: A Volume in Honor of Raymond A. Price
Editors: James W. Sears, Tekla A. Harms, and Carol A. Evenchick


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Description:
This volume collects 19 original and provocative papers on the tectonic evolution of mountain systems to honor the great Canadian structural geologist Raymond A. Price on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of his first publications on the geological structure of the Canadian Cordillera. The papers address the question, “Whence the mountains?” that Ray first posed in a college essay. Demonstrating the scope of Ray’s influence, topics range from plate to outcrop scale, from geometry based on mapping and cross-section construction to theoretical processes based on finite-element models, from metamorphic processes to syntectonic deposition. The authors employ detrital-zircon, argon/argon, and fission-track geochronometry, global positioning system, deep seismic reflection and other geophysical methods, as well as strain measurement, kinematic analysis, and classical regional mapping and stratigraphy. Study regions range from the North American Cordillera and Appalachians to Siberia, New Zealand, Australia, and China, from Paleozoic to active systems.
Product Code:
SPE433
Published:
December 26, 2007
ISBN Number:
9780813724331
Pages:
410
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Late Cretaceous Marine Deposits of the Dakotas

Full Title: The Geology and Paleontology of the Late Cretaceous Marine Deposits of the Dakotas
Editors: James E. Martin and David C. Parris


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Description:
This volume contains the most recent revisions to our understanding of the geology and paleontology of the Late Cretaceous marine deposits of the Dakotas. Included are diverse subjects such as history, stratigraphy, geochemistry, and paleontology of most major invertebrate and vertebrate groups. Of particular interest are the elevation of the Pierre Shale to group status, naming of new Pierre Shale members, dating of lithostratigraphic units, correlation based upon geochemistry of bentonites and rare earth elements, and identification of the stratigraphic source of the first reptile collected from the American West based on rare earths. This book also examines invertebrate fossils including some associated with a shell-crushing marine reptile, the first undoubted recognition of a North American mosasaur—Hainosaurus, the largest mosasaur from the Missouri River Trench—a new species of short-necked plesiosaur, two new mosasaurs, a new species of diving bird, and dinosaurs and other vertebrates from the Late Cretaceous of North Dakota.
Product Code:
SPE427
Published:
October 22, 2007
ISBN Number:
9780813724270
Pages:
256
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Stratigraphic Analyses Using GPR

Editors: Gregory S. Baker and Harry M. Jol


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Description:
The objective of this publication is to expose the scientific community to the state of the art in ground penetrating radar (GPR) applications related to stratigraphic analyses and imaging of the shallow subsurface. Special Paper 432 begins with an introductory chapter on GPR designed for nongeophysicists. Subsequent chapters summarize the application and interpretation of GPR data collected in numerous geomorphic environments. These stratigraphic studies are derived from locations worldwide and cover an extensive range of topics, including dunes, beach ridges, barriers/beach plains, glacial-marine ice-contact delta deposits, lacustrine strandline deposits, paleolake shorelines, fluvial deposits, paleovalley fills, and clastic dikes. Stratigraphic Analyses Using GPR is an invaluable resource for GPR-focused geophysicists and nongeophysicists alike, in terms of both the leading-edge scientific content and the extensive reference lists of previous studies on a diverse array of applications.
Product Code:
SPE432
Published:
October 22, 2007
ISBN Number:
9780813724324
Pages:
181
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$9.99
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Crustal Evolution of Southern Alaska

Full Title: Tectonic Growth of a Collisional Continental Margin: Crustal Evolution of Southern Alaska
Editors: Kenneth D. Ridgway, Jeffrey M. Trop, Jonathan M.G. Glen, and J. Michael O'Neill


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Description:
The convergent margin of southern Alaska is considered one of the type areas for understanding the growth of continental margins through collisional tectonic processes. Collisional processes that formed this margin were responsible for multiple episodes of sedimentary basin development, subduction complex growth, magmatism, and deformation. Two main collisional episodes shaped this Mesozoic-Cenozoic continental margin. The first event was the Mesozoic collision of the allochthonous Wrangellia composite terrane. This event represents the largest addition of juvenile crust to western North America in the past 100 m.y. The second event is the ongoing collision of the Yakutat terrane along the southeastern margin of Alaska. This Cenozoic event has produced the highest coast mountain range on Earth (Saint Elias Mountains), the Wrangell continental arc, and sedimentary basins throughout southern Alaska. Active collisional processes continue to shape the southern margin of Alaska, mainly through crustal shortening and strike-slip deformation, large-magnitude earthquakes, and rapid uplift and exhumation of mountain belts and high sedimentation rates in adjacent sedimentary basins. This volume contains 24 articles that integrate new geophysical and geologic data, including many field-based studies, to better link the sedimentary, structural, geochemical, and magmatic processes that are important for understanding the development of collisional continental margins.
Product Code:
SPE431
Published:
October 12, 2007
ISBN Number:
9780813724317
Pages:
648
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Plates, Plumes, and Planetary Processes

Editors: Gillian R. Foulger and Donna M. Jurdy
Description:
This beautiful compendium of work documents the state-of-play of the current fundamental debate on whether or not mantle plumes exist and the origin of “hot spot” volcanism on the surface of Earth, Mars, and Venus. The book is fully interdisciplinary and encompasses all branches of earth science, including geophysics, geochemistry, heat, temperature, tectonics, petrology, mantle dynamics, impacts, and syntheses reconciling several branches of earth science. Included are chapters that advocate the plume model as well as ones that advocate alternative models. Most chapters are designed to be accessible to students and scientists in different subdisciplines within the earth sciences, making them doubly valuable to specialists and nonspecialists alike. The book is designed to enjoy a long lifetime of usefulness, functioning as both a landmark document for the subject today and a valuable reference work for students, scholars, and informed lay people for the future. It will be equally valuable for supporting advanced undergraduate or postgraduate courses and research scientists working at the forefront of “hot spot” science, and is an essential addition to the bookshelves of every science library, earth science teacher, and research scientist who aspires to push back the frontiers of this exciting subject. With over 180 color plates, it will be a beautiful addition to the library of anyone fascinated by volcanoes—one of nature’s most exciting and extraordinary phenomena.
Product Code:
SPE430
Published:
October 12, 2007
ISBN Number:
9780813724300
Pages:
974
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Caribbean Plate Boundary in Northern Central America

Full Title: Geologic and Tectonic Development of the Caribbean Plate Boundary in Northern Central America
Editor: Paul Mann
Description:
This volume presents an integrated set of seven chapters on the geological, geophysical, and seismological evolution of the plate boundaries bounding the Chortis block of northern Central America (Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua) and southern Mexico. Topics covered include: GPS, geologic, and geophysical data to document eastward translation of the Caribbean plate and its internal deformation in northern Central America; geologic and regional aeromagnetic data to propose a new subdivision of the structurally complex Chortis block into tectonic terranes; results of field-based mapping studies that document the internal structure of the terranes making up the Chortis block; and a field-based petrologic study of ignimbrites and tephras derived from the Central American volcanic arc in northwestern Central America. Integration of these data on active and ancient tectonics of the Chortis block provide important new constraints on the origin and evolution of the tectonically active margins of the northwestern Caribbean plate.
Product Code:
SPE428
Published:
October 04, 2007
ISBN Number:
9780813724287
Pages:
179
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Coastline Changes

Full Title: Coastline Changes: Interrelation of Climate and Geological Processes
Editors: Jan Harff, William W. Hay, and Daniel M. Tetzlaff
Description:
This volume contributes to the current discussion of the role of natural and anthropogenic driving forces for coastal processes and their socioeconomic consequences. Special attention is paid to computerized tools that allow us—based on reconstruction of paleodevelopments—to predict the interference of processes on different time scales. On the one hand, the book provides an overview of the current model developments in describing vertical crustal movement, climate change forcing sea-level variations, the genesis of the basin fill along continental margins, and the interference of these processes in coastal development. On the other hand, it describes coastal development in key areas for different climate zones and geological settings. Coastline Changes is addressed to students and professionals in the geosciences, archaeology, social sciences, economy, and computer sciences. It will foster interdisciplinary discussion for the purpose of developing integrated concepts for sustainable development of the coastal zones.
Product Code:
SPE426
Published:
October 04, 2007
ISBN Number:
9780813724263
Pages:
214
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Continental Intraplate Earthquakes

Full Title: Continental Intraplate Earthquakes: Science, Hazard, and Policy Issues
Editors: Seth Stein and Stéphane Mazzotti
Description:
This volume brings together a sampling of research addressing issues of continental intraplate earthquakes, including a core of papers from special sessions held at the spring 2004 Joint Assembly of the American and Canadian Geophysical Unions in Montreal. Papers address the broad related topics of the science, hazard, and policy issues of large continental intraplate earthquakes in a worldwide context. One group of papers addresses aspects of the primary scientific issue—where are these earthquakes and what causes them? Answering this question is crucial to determining whether they will continue there or migrate elsewhere. A second group of papers addresses the challenge of assessing the hazard posed by intraplate earthquakes. Although it may be a very long time before the scientific issues are resolved, the progress being made is helping attempts to estimate the probability, size, and shaking of future earthquakes, and the uncertainty of the results. A third group of papers explores the question of how society should mitigate the possible effects of future large continental intraplate earthquakes. Communities around the world face the challenge of deciding how to address this rare, but real, hazard, given the wide range of other societal needs. Continental intraplate earthquakes will remain a challenge to seismologists, earthquake engineers, policy makers, and the public for years to come, but significant progress toward understanding and addressing this challenge is now being made.
Product Code:
SPE425
Published:
October 04, 2007
ISBN Number:
9780813724256
Pages:
396
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The Evolution of the Rheic Ocean

Full Title: The Evolution of the Rheic Ocean: From Avalonian-Cadomian Active Margin to Alleghenian-Variscan Collision
Editors: Ulf Linnemann, R. Damian Nance, Petr Kraft, and Gernold Zulauf
Description:
This Special Paper includes 29 papers presented at several meetings of the International Geoscience Programme (IGCP) Project 497: “The Rheic Ocean: Its origin, evolution and correlatives.” The Rheic Ocean was one of the dominant oceans of the Paleozoic. Its origin can be traced to the Avalonian-Cadomian orogenies in the Latest Neoproterozoic. Closure of the Rheic Ocean began in the Lower Devonian and ended with the assembly of the supercontinent Pangaea. Its history involves North and South America, Africa, Baltica, and a number of peri-Gondwanan terranes. Papers mirror the history of the Rheic Ocean and document a chain of global events and produced orogenic belts that extend discontinuously from México to easternmost Europe. The ocean’s evolution was responsible for the formation of a wide variety of sedimentary basins; it significantly impacted the history of life, and it profoundly influenced contemporary paleoclimate and global environmental conditions. Fields of research involved in its study range widely and, as this book illustrates, include stratigraphy, sedimentology, paleontology, paleogeography, paleooceanography, igneous and metamorphic petrology, tectonics, structural geology, provenance analysis, geochemistry, geochronology, and paleomagnetism. Despite decades of research, aspects of the evolution of the Rheic Ocean remain controversial. With this book, the authors hope to answer a number of important questions and to encourage further research.
Product Code:
SPE423
Published:
September 20, 2007
ISBN Number:
9780813724232
Pages:
592
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Pennsylvanian–Early Permian Bird Spring Carbonate

Full Title: The Pennsylvanian–Early Permian Bird Spring Carbonate Shelf, Southeastern California: Fusulinid Biostratigraphy, Paleogeographic Evolution, and Tectonic Implications
Authors: Calvin H. Stevens and Paul Stone
Description:
The Bird Spring Shelf in southeastern California, along with coeval turbidite basins to the west, records a complex history of Pennsylvanian and Early Permian sedimentation, sea-level changes, and deformation along this part of the western North American continental margin. In this work we describe and figure the fusulinids, including several new species, and establish detailed correlations between deposits of the shelf and the flanking basins. We then use these correlations to reconstruct the depositional history, paleogeography, and deformational history of the region. This work adds significant detail to existing interpretations of the late Paleozoic as a time of major tectonic instability on the continental margin of southeastern California as it changed from a relatively passive margin, which had persisted through most of the Paleozoic, to an active convergent margin that would characterize the Mesozoic.
Product Code:
SPE429
Published:
September 17, 2007
ISBN Number:
9780813724294
Pages:
82
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Advances in High-Pressure Mineralogy

Editor: Eiji Ohtani
Description:
Composed of three parts, this book summarizes recent progress in high-pressure mineral physics. It is ideal for geoscience readers interested in new views of Earth’s processes and for those who want to introduce new experimental and theoretical techniques to their studies. Part 1 investigates the phase transformations of minerals in static and shocked conditions, which provide a basis for understanding Earth’s dynamic processes. Part 2 reveals the role of volatiles in the mantle. Volatiles are one of the most important agents for producing chemical differentiation of the mantle, and they play an important role in the generation of various magmas. As a result, people from areas such as petrology, volcanology, and tectonics will find this section particularly useful. Part 3 describes theoretical and experimental techniques in high-pressure mineral physics. Several techniques for in situ X-ray observations provide important applications for the analysis of geological samples.
Product Code:
SPE421
Published:
September 05, 2007
ISBN Number:
9780813724218
Pages:
237
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Large Ecosystem Perturbations: Causes and Consequences

Editors: Simonetta Monechi, Rodolfo Coccioni, and Michael Rampino
Description:
Can large ecosystem perturbations, rapid turnovers, and evolutionary novelties explain and be associated with large-scale climate changes, geological events, and extraterrestrial impacts? This volume identifies the causes that have influenced and accelerated events and processes of biological systems. Several papers show the interaction between major environmental perturbations and faunal and floral modifications in the marine record, providing a very detailed documentation of paleobiological changes. Some chapters offer case studies on a large spectrum of ecosystem changes with various causes and consequences, focusing on the Paleocene-Eocene transition and on the Late Devonian extinction. Others issues concern effects of the early Aptian Oceanic Anoxic Event, the aftermath of a minor extraterrestrial impact event in the U.S. gulf coastal plain, and the hypothesis of an overall evolutionary strategy of the coccolithophores toward smaller size concomitant with the inception of the Pleistocene global cooling.
Product Code:
SPE424
Published:
July 24, 2007
ISBN Number:
9780813724249
Pages:
132
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Sedimentary Provenance and Petrogenesis

Full Title: Sedimentary Provenance and Petrogenesis: Perspectives from Petrography and Geochemistry
Editors: José Arribas, Mark J. Johnsson, and Salvatore Critelli
Description:
This book offers a wide spectrum of papers concerning applications of sedimentary provenance tools to specific field studies. Papers are grouped by region, with an overwhelming European flavor, focusing on Italian areas, on the Iberian Peninsula, and on Transdanubian regions. Readers are transported from India to Mexico across the Indian Ocean, New Zealand, and Pacific Ocean. At the end, two papers use a great variety of study areas to illustrate the utility of apatite in provenance studies and a model of the system controlling sand composition. Along this journey, the readers will find incredibly diverse topics, such as the use of gypsarenites in Messinian salinity crisis to provenance shifts in Neolithic settlements; from carbonate particles to apatite geochemistry; from weathering in uplands to deep sea sedimentation. The common aim of all these papers is to shed light on our knowledge of the past from the sedimentary remains.
Product Code:
SPE420
Published:
June 29, 2007
ISBN Number:
9780813724201
Pages:
379
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Geology of México

Full Title: Geology of México: Celebrating the Centenary of the Geological Society of México
Editors: Susana A. Alaniz-Álvarez and Ángel F. Nieto-Samaniego


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Description:
In 2004, the Sociedad Geológica Mexicana (Geological Society of México) celebrated its first centenary. To mark this milestone, the society published (in Spanish) a collection of papers that present the state of the art in some areas of Mexican geology. The geological community will find in this English-language version of the volume valuable information on diverse topics related to the Mexican territory. This Special Paper focuses on three subjects: reviews of some of the geological provinces, major faults that constitute tectonic borders, and ore deposits. Papers are of general or regional character but provide a deep treatment of the themes and bring together useful information for researchers, students, technicians, and others interested in México.
Product Code:
SPE422
Published:
June 26, 2007
ISBN Number:
9780813724225
Pages:
458
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Convergent Margin Terranes and Associated Regions

Full Title: Convergent Margin Terranes and Associated Regions: A Tribute to W.G. Ernst
Editors: M. Cloos, W.D. Carlson, M.C. Gilbert, J.G. Liou, and S.S. Sorensen
Description:
A symposium titled “Phase Relations, High P–T-ometry, and Plate Pushing” was held at the 2003 Geological Society of America Annual Meeting as a tribute to Professor W. Gary Ernst, whose teaching career at the University of California at Los Angeles (1960–1989) and Stanford University (1989–2004) enriched the lives of thousands of undergraduate students and dozens of graduate students. One hundred and nine presentations in three oral sessions and one poster session were made by Gary’s former students, colleagues, and friends. This volume is a collection of papers that center on the geotectonic themes showcased in the symposium and reflecting the diverse interests and prodigious publications of Gary Ernst; they concern the geologic history of units formed or exposed primarily due to subduction-zone tectonism. Papers are grouped starting with those that focus directly on subduction-zone tectonics, followed by studies of terranes exposed largely because of movements at convergent margins
Product Code:
SPE419
Published:
May 24, 2007
ISBN Number:
9780813724195
Pages:
273
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Cenozoic Volcanism in the Mediterranean Area

Editors: Luigi Beccaluva, Gianluca Bianchini, and Marjorie Wilson
Description:
The widespread volcanism that affected the Mediterranean region during the Cenozoic includes a wide spectrum of magmatic affinities reflecting the complex geodynamic setting of the area. Magmatism is linked to the evolution of a series of subduction zones formed during Africa-Eurasia convergence, including the relative migration of trench-arc systems, opening of interarc basins, and the development of postcollisional, within-plate rifts. Mantle plume activity may also have a significant influence in a number of localities. This collection of papers documents our current understanding of the magmatism in a number of key areas, providing a useful and comprehensive reference for researchers interested in this topic. Papers summarize results of comprehensive petrological and geochemical studies integrated with available geophysical data (including seismic tomography), allowing characterization of the mantle source of the magmas and magma generation processes. Mantle evolution and dynamics are discussed from an interdisciplinary perspective, providing an improved understanding of the complex tectonomagmatic setting of the Mediterranean region.
Product Code:
SPE418
Published:
March 01, 2007
ISBN Number:
9780813724188
Pages:
340
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Triassic Evolution of the Yangtze Platform

Full Title: Triassic Evolution of the Yangtze Platform in Guizhou Province, People's Republic of China
Editors: Paul Enos, Daniel J. Lehrmann, Wei Jiayong, Yu Youyi, Xiao Jiafei, Daniel H. Chaikin, Marcello Minzoni, Adrian K. Berry, and Paul Montgomery
Description:
This book provides a thorough account of the Triassic rocks on the Yangtze platform and adjacent basin in Guizhou Province, China. The Yangtze platform that stretches across south China was one of Earth’s very large and very persistent regions of shallow-water deposition. The Triassic System includes the thickest sections, spectacular platform-margin cross sections, reputedly the only petroleum source rocks and potential reservoirs, and the termination interval for marine deposition on the Yangtze platform. Termination occurred in the early Carnian; thus Lower and Middle Triassic platform rocks are overwhelmingly carbonates, whereas Upper Triassic are mostly siliciclastic. Some of the youngest Permian rocks in the world covered the platform and the transition to Triassic deposition is typically in conformable marine facies, so an excellent record of the recovery of biota and shallow-water carbonate deposition from the end-Permian extinction is preserved.
Product Code:
SPE417
Published:
January 02, 2007
ISBN Number:
0813724171
Pages:
110
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Calcretes and Palustrine Carbonates

Full Title: Paleoenvironmental Record and Applications of Calcretes and Palustrine Carbonates
Editors: Ana María Alonso-Zarza and Lawrence H. Tanner
Description:
This volume presents current understanding of the mechanisms and environments of the formation of calcretes and palustrine carbonates. Through a series of specific field examples, papers in this volume illustrate the wide variety of potential applications of these types of deposits. The papers presented here cover a wide array of ages and environmental settings of calcrete and palustrine deposition and include many interesting applications, such as the climatic and geomorphic controls on calcrete formation, possible modern analogues for palustrine carbonates, the interplay between palustrine, pedogenic, and diagenetic processes, the utility of radio-isotopic methods for dating pedogenic carbonates, applications to understanding landscape evolution, and reconstruction of diagenetic sequences. The result is a state-of-the-art book on these deposits so common in the geological record and in recent environments.
Product Code:
SPE416
Published:
December 21, 2006
ISBN Number:
0813724163
Pages:
248
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Styles of Continental Contraction

Editors: Stefano Mazzoli and Robert W.H. Butler
Description:
This Special Paper includes a selection of material on the various contractional styles and modes of deformation in internal and external zones, and in deep and shallow parts of orogens. The collection of case studies discusses a broad range of processes and phenomena, including thrust tectonic styles (detachment-dominated vs. thick-skinned, or crustal ramp–dominated) in different subduction and collision orogens; modes and timing of thrust-fold and fabric development; the role of tectonic inversion processes and of strain localization vs. distributed deformation; and syn-convergence extensional deformation (and related tectonic exhumation) in orogens. Case studies are from the Zagros, the Apennines, the Appalachians, the Tasmanides of Eastern Australia, and the Moine Thrust Belt. A review of the main subduction- and collision-related orogens of the world is also provided, including the Alps, the Himalayas, the North American Cordillera, the Andes, the Caledonides of Scotland, the Appalachians, the Alice Springs orogeny in Australia, and the Aleutian and Makran accretionary wedges.
Product Code:
SPE414
Published:
October 29, 2006
ISBN Number:
0813724147
Pages:
184
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In Situ—Produced Cosmogenic Nuclides

Full Title: In Situ—Produced Cosmogenic Nuclides and Quantification of Geological Processes
Editors: Lionel L. Siame, Didier L. Bourlès, and Erik T. Brown
Description:
In situ–produced cosmogenic nuclides can provide chronologies of environmental change over the past few thousand to several millions of years and may be used to quantify a wide range of weathering and sediment transport processes. These nuclides are thus now used across a broad spectrum of earth science disciplines, including paleoclimatology, geomorphology, and active tectonics. This book is organized around sections that focus on specific aspects of the utilization of cosmogenic nuclides in earth sciences: (1) development of new methods for application of in situ–produced cosmogenic nuclides (burial dating methods, extending their utilization to carbonate-rich and mafic environments); (2) glacial geology (Laurentide Ice Sheet, northern Alps); (3) active tectonics, focusing on applications to constrain slip rates of active faults in Asia (Tibet and Mongolian Gobi-Altay); and (4) landscape development (quantifying sediment production or erosion rates and processes and application of exposure dating to landslides in Hong Kong).
Product Code:
SPE415
Published:
October 28, 2006
ISBN Number:
0813724155
Pages:
158
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How Geologists Think and Learn

Full Title: Earth and Mind: How Geologists Think and Learn about the Earth
Editors: Cathryn A. Manduca and David W. Mogk
Description:
What does it mean to be a geoscientist? What characterizes the expertise that geoscientists bring to understanding the Earth? How do students develop this expertise? This volume brings together essays by geoscientists, cognitive scientists, and educators that explore how expert geoscientists learn about the Earth and the implications for student learning. Arising from a workshop funded by the National Science Foundation and the Johnson Foundation, and a Pardee symposium, topics include creativity and beauty in geoscience, field observation, studying complex systems, spatial skills in the geosciences, geologic time, modeling, and designing and assessing geoscience learning activities.
Product Code:
SPE413
Published:
October 17, 2006
ISBN Number:
0813724139
Pages:
188
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Volcanic Hazards in Central America

Editors: William I. Rose, Gregg J.S. Bluth, Michael J. Carr, John W. Ewert, Lina C. Patino, and James W. Vallance
Description:
This volume is a sampling of current scientific work about volcanoes in Central America with specific application to hazards. The papers reflect a variety of international and interdisciplinary collaborations and employ new methods. The book will be of interest to a broad cross section of scientists, especially volcanologists. The volume also will interest students who aspire to work in the field of volcano hazards mitigation or who may want to work in one of Earth’s most volcanically active areas.
Product Code:
SPE412
Published:
October 06, 2006
ISBN Number:
0813724120
Pages:
276
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Tuffs: Their Properties, Uses, Hydrology, and Resources

Editor: Grant Heiken


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Description:
Tuffs, composed of volcanic ash and pumice particles that are bonded by natural cements or by welding, make excellent building materials and have been proposed as a medium for industrial and nuclear waste storage. Tuffs have unique hydrologic properties that must be considered when evaluating both water resources and industrial contamination in volcanic regions. Tuffs have been part of man’s environment for thousands of years and now underlie many urban areas, including 37 large industrial cities in 24 nations (including two megacities). The purpose of this book is to integrate academic and applied research on tuffs into a publication that can be used by a broad spectrum of professionals in science and engineering.
Product Code:
SPE408
Published:
September 29, 2006
ISBN Number:
0813724082
Pages:
131
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The Origins of Geology in Italy

Editors: Gian Battista Vai and W. Glen E. Caldwell


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Description:
This volume includes an eclectic group of papers by authors of varied backgrounds and nationality who describe contributions to natural science and philosophy by Italian or foreign geologists working in Italy between the fourteenth and nineteenth centuries. Each of these scientists contributed to the emergence of modern geology as a distinct scientific discipline, starting with Aldrovandi, who coined the term geology in 1603, and continuing with Agricola, the early gemologists and mineralists, the Florentine artists, Descartes, Gassendi, Kircher, Steno, Marsili, Arduino, Gregory Watt, William Maclure, Brocchi, and Pilla. When Lyell disseminated the Huttonian doctrine in his Principles, he fully recognized the legacy of pioneering Italian studies in geology. The aim of the volume is to restore Lyell’s insights, which were not investigated further by Italian geoscientists and historians of science during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Rediscovering the roots of modern geology is an invaluable and crucial goal for a sound assessment of long-term perspectives of this science and of science as a whole.
Product Code:
SPE411
Published:
September 25, 2006
ISBN Number:
0813724112
Pages:
223
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Geological Studies in the Klamath Mountains Province

Full Title: Geological Studies in the Klamath Mountains Province, California and Oregon: A Volume in Honor of William P. Irwin
Editors: Arthur W. Snoke and Calvin G. Barnes


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Description:
This volume in honor of William P. Irwin (U.S. Geological Survey) has 23 chapters focusing on various aspects of the complex tectonic and petrologic history of the Klamath Mountains province, northwestern California and southwestern Oregon. An introductory chapter reviews the development of tectonic concepts for the province and regional and historical context for the subsequent chapters. The bulk of the volume focuses on the Jurassic history of the province, but it also includes important contributions on the older geologic history of eastern parts of the province and a review of the Neogene history of the province. Several chapters contrast terranes of the Klamath Mountains province with possible analogous terranes in the Sierran Foothills to the south or Blue Mountains province to the northeast. An accompanying CD-ROM includes classic geologic maps of the province by Irwin, a bibliography of the province compiled by Irwin, descriptions of fossil localities in the Triassic and Paleozoic belt, new geologic maps of Late Jurassic plutonic complexes, and much new geochemical data. This volume will be of interest to regional geologists; structural geologists and tectonicists; petrologists; geochemists and isotope geologists; and geophysicists.
Product Code:
SPE410
Published:
September 22, 2006
ISBN Number:
0813724104
Pages:
505
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Tectonics and Magmatism: Mediterranean Region, Asia

Full Title: Postcollisional Tectonics and Magmatism in the Mediterranean Region and Asia
Editors: Yildirim Dilek and Spyros Pavlides
Description:
The Mediterranean region and Asia provide a natural laboratory to investigate the driving forces of continental tectonics in an ongoing collisional orogen and the crustal and mantle response to various modes of deformation associated with plate boundary processes. The multidisciplinary research efforts in this region over the last fifteen years have produced a wealth of new data to better understand the interplay and feedback mechanisms between crustal and mantle processes and the dynamic landscape evolution in a complexly deforming area. A number of discrete collisional events between the Gondwana-derived continental fragments (i.e., Adria, Pelagonia, Arabia, India) and Eurasia controlled the geodynamics of the Mediterranean region and Asia during the late Mesozoic and Cenozoic. This book is a collection of research papers, presenting new data, interpretations, and syntheses on various aspects of the collision-induced tectonic, magmatic, metamorphic, and geomorphic processes that have affected the evolution of this orogenic belt. It should help us better understand the mode and nature of tectonic and magmatic processes and crustal evolution in active collision zones, and the distribution and causes of seismic and volcanic events and their impact on landscape evolution.
Product Code:
SPE409
Published:
September 21, 2006
ISBN Number:
0813724090
Pages:
631
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Evolution of an Andean Margin: A Tectonic and Magmatic View

Full Title: Evolution of an Andean Margin: A Tectonic and Magmatic View from the Andes to the Neuquén Basin (35° — 39°S lat)
Editors: Suzanne Mahlburg Kay and Victor A. Ramos


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Description:
The objective of this volume is to examine the Cenozoic tectonic and magmatic evolution from the arc to the retroarc of a distinctive end-member of the Andean accretionary orogen between 35°S and 39°S. The evolution of the Andes in this region provides an outstanding case study of an orogen where periods of contraction and extension, crustal shortening and normal faulting, and differences in retroarc volcanism reflect a tectonic regime that alternates in space and time. Structural, magmatic, and paleogeographic patterns correlate strongly with the dynamics of the subduction zone. The region includes the Neuquén basin, which is one of the most prolific of the Central Andes. The tectonic setting is important in understanding hydrocarbon systems of the sub-Andean basin and the potential for ore deposits in the cordillera. The book is fundamental for researchers working on tectonics and magmatism in Andean type systems as well as those involved in exploration.
Product Code:
SPE407
Published:
August 21, 2006
ISBN Number:
0813724074
Pages:
359
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Temper Sands in Prehistoric Oceanian Pottery

Full Title: Temper Sands in Prehistoric Oceanian Pottery: Geotectonics, Sedimentology, Petrography, Provenance
Author: William R. Dickinson
Description:
Oceanian ceramic cultures making earthenware pottery spread during the past 3500 years through a dozen major island groups spanning 6000 km of the tropical Pacific Ocean from western Micronesia to western Polynesia. Island potters mixed sand as temper into clay bodies during ceramic manufacture. The nature of island sands is governed by the geotectonics of hotspot chains, island arcs, subduction zones, backarc basins, and remnant arcs as well as by sedimentology. Because small islands with bedrock exposures of restricted character are virtual point sources of sand, many tempers are diagnostic of specific islands. Petrographic study of temper sands in thin section allows distinction between indigenous pottery and exotic pottery transported from elsewhere. Study of 2223 prehistoric Oceanian potsherds from 130 islands and island clusters indicates the nature of Oceanian temper types and documents 105 cases of interisland transport of ceramics over distances typically <400 km but reaching 1000+ km.

ISBN(10): 0-8137-2406-6
ISBN(13): 978-0-8137-2406-5

Product Code:
SPE406
Published:
August 17, 2006
ISBN Number:
0813724066
Pages:
160
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$10.00
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$10.00
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Processes on the Early Earth

Editors: Wolf Uwe Reimold and Roger L. Gibson


Only 1 left in stock

Description:
This Special Paper presents a collection of 19 papers contributed to a joint Field Forum organized by the Geological Society of America and the Geological Society of South Africa in July 2004 in the Barberton Greenstone Belt and the Vredefort Dome, South Africa. The papers cover a wide variety of themes, including Archean and Proterozoic crust formation and geodynamics (with an appraisal of evidence of Archean subduction processes); the significance of impacts in the evolution of the early Earth’s crust; traces of early life in Archean environments of Australia and South Africa and related studies of depositional environments; and processes affecting the giant Witwatersrand gold deposit.
Product Code:
SPE405
Published:
June 14, 2006