2000 GSA Annual Meeting -- Reno, Nevada

Abs. No. 50643

QUANTIFYING PASSIVE AND DRIVEN MECHANISMS IN LARGE-SCALE EVOLUTIONARY TRENDS

Author(s): WANG, Steve C., Dept. of Statistics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, scwang@stat.harvard.edu

Keywords: trends, driven, passive, mechanisms, subclade-test

We introduce a new statistical method, the Analysis of Skewness, for quantifying large-scale evolutionary trends as a combination of both passive and driven mechanisms. Our approach is based on the skewness of subclades within a parent clade. We partition the total skewness of the parent clade into three components: (1) skewness between subclades, (2) skewness within subclades, and (3) skewness due to changes in variance among subclades. The third component corresponds to a new type of passive mechanism, in which overall skewness of a parent clade is due to greater variability in subclades to the right of the mean. This partitioning allows us to quantitatively decompose the mechanisms underlying trends into two components: a driven portion and a passive portion. We thus quantify the effect of small-scale dynamics on large-scale behavior of clades. Applications are given to Miocene-Pliocene rodent size and Ordovician brachiopod muscle geometry.


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