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Table of Contents - Field Guide 23

Field Guide to Samos and the Menderes Massif: Along-Strike Variations in the Mediterranean Tethyan Orogen

By Klaus Gessner, Uwe Ring, and Talip Güngör


Abstract 1
Introduction 2

Geology of the Eastern Mediterranean

2
  Paleogeography 2
  Regional Structure 3
  Important Tectonic Contacts 5
  Metamorphic History 5
Basal Unit 6
    Cycladic Blueschist Unit 6
    Menderes Nappes 7
  EoceneľOligocene Crustal Thickening 7
  Miocene to Holocene Extension 8
  Summary 9

Part A. Samos Island, Greece

11
  Geology of Samos 11
  General Architecture of Samos Island and Important Tectonic Contacts 11
  Structural History and Deformation-Metamorphism Relationships 14
  Day 1—Localities 1.1 to 1.6 14
    Locality 1.1. Ridge East of Mount Kerkis 14
    Locality 1.2. Glaucophane Schist at Road Intersection North of Neochori 16
    Locality 1.3. Breccia of Basal Conglomerate Formation 16
    Locality 1.4. Limestone of Pythagorion Formation 17
    Locality 1.5. Hora Formation 17
    Locality 1.6. Conglomerate of Mytilini Formation 17
  Day 2—High-Pressure Assemblages along the Northern Coast (Localities 2.1 to 2.3) 18
    Locality 2.1. Around Agios Konstandinos 18
    Locality 2.2. West of Avlakia and East of Turnoff to Vourliotes 19
    Locality 2.3. Gankou Beach 19

Part B. The Menderes Massif

21
  Some Remarks about Controversies on Menderes Massif Tectonics 21
  Architecture of the Menderes Massif 21
    Miocene to Holocene Extension in the Central Menderes Region 21
    Alpine Nappe Tectonics 23
    The Menderes Nappes 23
    The Cycladic Blueschist Unit 28
    The Cyclades-Menderes Thrust 31
    Interpretation of Deformation-Metamorphism-Timing Relationships 31
    Menderes Massif Field Trips 33
  Day 3—Around Selçuk (Localities 3.1 to 3.5) 34
    Overview 34
    Locality 3.1. Selçuk-Aydin Road Cut 34
    Locality 3.2. Ephesus Fault 34
    Locality 3.3. Metaconglomerates and Metapelites of the Dilek Nappe 34
    Locality 3.4. Yavansu Fault near Kuadasi 35
    Locality 3.5. Dilek Nappe Outcrops along the Coast Road 35
  Day 4—Section across the Bozda and Aydin Mountains 35
    Overview 35
  Bozdağ Mountains (Localities 4.1 to 4.6) 36
    Locality 4.1. Kuzey Detachment at Çakaldoğan 36
    Locality 4.2. Kuzey Detachment Surface 36
    Locality 4.3. Bayindir Nappe 36
    Locality 4.4. Bozdağ Nappe 38
    Locality 4.5. Küçük Menderes Graben 38
    Locality 4.6. Çine Nappe Garnet-Bearing Augen Gneiss 38
  Ödemiş Area and Aydin Mountains (Localities 4.7ľ4.11) 38
    Locality 4.7. Çine Nappe Granitic Augen Gneiss 38
    Locality 4.8. Çine Nappe Augen Gneiss near Haliköy, Mercury Mine 38
    Locality 4.9. Migmatite Gneiss at Adaküre (Adagide) Village 38
    Locality 4.10. Çine Nappe Granites and Gneisses 39
    Locality 4.11. Metabasic Lenses in Çine Nappe 39
  Day 5—Western Aydin Mountains: Cyclades-Menderes Thrust and Güney Detachment (Localities 5.1 to 5.4) 40
    Overview 40
    Locality 5.1. Bozdağ Nappe North of Ortaköy 40
    Locality 5.2. Bozdağ Nappe North of Yemiler 40
    Locality 5.3. Crossing the Cyclades Menderes Thrust 40
    Locality 5.4. Kuzey Detachment North of Meşeli 40
  Day 6—Southern Menderes Massif: The Selimiye Shear Zone and the Lake Bafa Area (Localities 6.1 to 6.7) 43
    Overview 43
    Locality 6.1. Foliation Boudinage in Çine Nappe Orthogneiss 44
    Locality 6.2. Çine Nappe Orthogneiss on the Edge of Selimiye Shear Zone 44
    Locality 6.3. Selimiye Shear Zone 44
    Locality 6.4. Intrusive Contacts within the Çine Nappe 44
    Locality 6.5. Platform Carbonates of the Dilek Nappe 45
    Locality 6.6. Folding in Lycian Nappes 47
    Locality 6.7. Carpholite in Lycian Nappes 47

Acknowledgments

48
References Cited 48