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Table of Contents - Special Paper 356

Catastrophic Events and Mass Extinctions: Impacts and Beyond

Preface vii
Dedication ix
The Big Picture
1. Meteors and comets in ancient Mexico
Ulrich Köhler
2. Impact lethality and risks in today's world: Lessons for interpreting Earth history
Clark R. Chapman
3. Tracers of the extraterrestrial component in sediments and inferences for Earth's accretion history
Frank T. Kyte
Chicxulub and the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary Deposits
4. Geophysical constraints on the size and structure of the Chicxulub impact crater
Joanna Morgan, Mike Warner, and Richard Grieve
5. Micro-Raman and optical identification of coesite in suevite from Chicxulub
Elena Lounejeva, Mikjail Ostroumov, and Gerardo Sánchez-Rubio
6. Distribution of Chicxulub ejecta at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary
Philippe Claeys, Wolfgang Kiessling, and Walter Alvarez
7. Generation and propagation of a tsunami from the Cretaceous-Tertiary impact event
T. Matsui, F. Imamura, E. Tajika, Y. Nakano, and Y. Fujisawa
8. Mass wasting of Atlantic continental margins following the Chicxulub impact event
R.D. Norris and J.V. Firth
9. Sequence stratigraphy and sea-level change across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary on the New Jersey passive margin
Richard K. Olsson, Kenneth G. Miller, James V Browning, James D. Wright, and Benjamin S. Cramer
10. Complex tsunami waves suggested by the Cretaceous- Tertiary boundary deposit at the Moncada section, western R. Tada
R. Tada, Y. Nakano, M.A. Iturralde-Vinent, S. Yamamoto, T. Kamata, E. Tajika, K. Toyoda, S. Kiyokawa, D. Garcia Delgado, T. Oji, K. Goto, H. Takayama, R.Rojas-Consuegra, and T. Matsui
11. Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary sequence in the Cacarajicara Formation, western Cuba: An impact-related, high-energy, gravity-flow deposit
Shoichi Kiyokawa, Ryuji Tada, Manuel Iturralde-Vinent, Eiichi Tajika, Shinji Yamamoto, Tetsuo Oji, Youichiro Nakano, Kazuhisa Goto, Hideo Takayama, Dora Garcia Delgado, Consuelo Diaz Otero, Reinaldo Rojas-Consuegra, and Takafumi Matsui
12. Multiple spherule layers in the late Maastrichtian of northeastern Mexico
Gerta Keller, Thierry Adatte, Wolfgang Stinnesbeck, Mark Affolter, Lionel Schilli, and José Guadalupe Lopez-Oliva
13. Two anomalies of platinum group elements above the Cretaceous- Tertiary boundary at Beloc, Haiti: Geochemical context and consequences for the impact scenario
Doris Stüben, Utz Kramar, Zsolt Bemer, Jörg-Detlef Eckhardt, Wolfgang Stinnesbeck, Gerta Keller, Thierry Adatte, and Klaus Heide
14. Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary at Blake Nose (Ocean drilling Program Leg 17]B): A record of the Chicxulub impact ejecta
Francisca Martínez-Ruíz, Miguel Ortega-Huertas, Inmaculada Palomo, and Jan Smit
15. Global occurrence of magnetic and superparamagnetic iron phases in Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary clays
N. Bhandari, H.C. Verma, C. Upadhyay, Amita Tripathi, and R.P. Tripathi
16. Cretaceous-Tertiary profile, rhythmic deposition, and geomagnetic polarity reversals of marine sediments near Bjala, Bulgaria
Anton Preisinger, Selma Aslanian, Franz Brandstätter, Friedrich Grass, Herbert Stradner, and Herbert Summesberger
17. Paleoenvironment across the Cretaceous- Tertiary transition in eastern Bulgaria
Thierry Adatte, Gerta Keller, S. Bums, K.H. Stoykova, M.I. Ivanov, D. Vangelov, Utz Kramar, and Doris Stüben
Biological and Chemical Changes Across the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary
18. Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary planktic foraminiferal mass extinction and biochronology at La Ceiba and Bochil, Mexico, and El Kef, Tunisia
Ignacio Arenillas, Laia Alegret, José A. Arz, Carlos Liesa, Alfonso Meléndez, Eustoquio Molina, Ana R. Soria, Esteban Cedillo-Pardo, José M. Grajales-Nishimura, and Carmen Rosales-Dominguez
19. Distribution pattern of calcareous dinoflagellate cysts across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary (Fish Clay, Stevns Klint, Denmark): Implications for our understanding of species-selective extinction
Jens Wendler and Helmut Willems
20. Abrupt extinction and subsequent reworking of Cretaceous planktonic foraminifers across the Cretaceous- Tertiary boundary: Evidence from the subtropical North Atlantic
Brian T. Huber, Kenneth G. MacLeod, and Richard D. Norris
21. Faunal changes across the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary in the Atlantic coastal plain of New Jersey: Restructuring the marine community after the K-T mass-extinction event
William B. Gallagher
22. Giant ground birds at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary: Extinction or survival?
Eric Buffetaut
23. Dinosaurs that did not die: Evidence for Paleocene dinosaurs in the Ojo Alamo Sandstone, San Juan Basin, New Mexico
James E. Fassett, Robert A. Zielinski, and James R. Budahn
24. Sulfur isotopic compositions across terrestrial Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary successions
Teruyuki Maruoka, Christian Koeberl, Jason Newton, Iain Gilmour, and Bruce R Bohor
25. Natural fullerenes from the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary layer at Anjar, Kutch, India
G. Parthasarathy, N. Bhandari, M. Vairamani, A.C. Kunwar, and B. Narasaiah
26. Organic geochemical investigation of terrestrial Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary successions from Brownie Butte, Montana, and the Raton Basin, New Mexico
A.F. Gardner and 1. Gilmour
Permian-Triassic Boundary
27. End-Permian mass extinctions: A review
Douglas H. Erwin, Samuel A. Bowring, and Jin Yugan
28. Permian-Triassic boundary in the southwestern United States: Hiatus or continuity?
Walter Alvarez and Diane O'Connor
29. Extent, duration, and nature of the Permian-Triassic superanoxic event
Paul B. Wignall and Richard J. Twitchett
30. Abruptness of the end-Permian mass extinction as determined from biostratigraphic and cyclostratigraphic analyses of European western Tethyan sections
Michael R. Rampino, Andreas Prokoph, Andre C. Adler, and Dylan M. Schwindt
31. Permian-Triassic boundary in the northwest Karoo Basin: Current stratigraphic placement, implications for basin development models, and the search for evidence of impact
P. John Hancox, D. Brandt, W.U. Reimold, C. Koeberl, and J. Neveling
32. Chemical signatures of the Permian-Triassic transitional environment in Spiti Valley, India
A.D. Shukla, N. Bhandari, and R.N. Shukla
33. Synchronous record of d13C shifts in the oceans and atmosphere at the end of the Permian
Mark A. Sephton, Cindy V. Looy, Ruben J. Veefkind, Henk Brinkhius, Jan W. De Leeuw, and Henk Visscher
Other Extinctions and Boundaries
34. Late Ordovician extinction: A Laurentian view
William B.N. Berry, Robert L. Ripperdan, and Stanley C. Finney
35. Late Devonian sea-level changes, catastrophic events, and mass extinctions
Charles A. Sandberg, Jared R. Morrow, and Willi Ziegler
36. Impact-generated carbonate accretionary lapilli in the Late Devonian Alamo Breccia
John E. Warme, Matthew Morgan, and Hans-Christian Kuehner
37. Continental Triassic-Jurassic boundary in central Pangea: Recent progress and discussion of an Ir anomaly
Paul E. Olsen, Christian Koeberl, Heinz Huber, Alessandro Montanari, Sarah J. Fowell, Mohammed Et-Touhami, and Dennis V. Kent
38. Dating the end- Triassic and Early Jurassic mass extinctions, correlative large igneous provinces, and isotopic events
József Pálfy, Paul L. Smith, and James K. Mortensen
39. Sea-level changes and black shales associated with the late Paleocene thermal maximum: Organic-geochemical and micropaleontologic evidence from the southern Tethyan margin (Egypt-Israel) Robert P. Speijer and Thomas Wagner Case Studies 533
40. Sedimentary record of impact events in Spain
Enrique Díaz-Martínez, Enrique Sanz-Rubio, and Jésus Martínez-Frías
41. Postglacial impact events in Estonia and their influence on people and the environment
Anto Raukas
Experiments, Methods, and Model Calculations
42. Mineralogical investigations of experimentally shocked dolomite: Implications for the outgassing of carbonates
Roman Skála, Jana Ederová, Pavel Matejka, and Friedrich Hörz
43. How strong was impact-induced C02 degassing in the Cretaceous-Tertiary event? Numerical modeling of shock recovery experiments
Boris A. Ivanov, Falko Langenhorst, Alexander Deutsch, and Ulrich Hornemann
44. Laboratory impact experiments versus natural impact events
Paul S. DeCarli, Emma Bowden, Adrian P. Jones, and G. David Price
45. Comparison of the osmium and chromium isotopic methods for the detection off meteoritic components in impactites: Examples from the Morokweng and Vredefort impact structures, South Africa
Christian Koeberl, Bernhard Peucker-Ehrenbrink, Wolf Uwe Reimold, Alex Shukolyukov, and Günter W. Lugmair
46. Numerical modeling of the formation of large impact craters
Boris A. Ivanov and Natalia A. Artemieva
47. Multiple stages of condensation in impact-produced vapor clouds
Detlef de Niem
Astronomical Studies
48. On the completeness of the discovery rate of the potentially hazardous asteroids
Eric W. Elst
49. Possible sources of Earth crossers
Nina A. Solovaya and Eduard M. Pittich
50. Measurement of the lunar impact record for the past 3.5 by. and implications for the Nemesis theory
Richard A. Muller
51. Role of the galaxy in periodic impacts and mass extinctions on the Earth
Michael R. Rampino
52. Solar system linked to a gigantic interstellar cloud during the past 500 my.: Implications for a galactic theory of terrestrial catastrophism
Carlos A. Olano
Impacts and Extinction Mechanisms
53. Grazing meteoroids could ignite continental-scale fires
Vladimir V. Svetsov
54. Atmospheric erosion and radiation impulse induced by impacts
V.V. Shuvalov and N.A. Artemieva
55. Toxins produced by meteorite impacts and their possible role in a biotic mass extinction
M.V. Gerasimov
56. Modeling long-term climatic effects of impacts: First results
Thomas Luder, Willy Benz, and Thomas F. Stocker
Index 731