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Table of Contents - Special Paper 486

Earth and Mind II: A Synthesis of Research on Thinking and Learning in the Geosciences

Edited by Kim A. Kastens and Cathryn A. Manduca

Prologue p.  xii
1. Geoscience and geoscientists: Uniquely equipped to study Earth
Cathryn A. Manduca and Kim A. Kastens
p.  1

2. Mapping the domain of time in the geosciences
Kim A. Kastens and Cathryn A. Manduca
p.  13
Thematic paper
3. The significance of geologic time: Cultural, educational, and economic frameworks
Cinzia Cervato and Robert Frodeman
p.  19
4. Did time exist in the Cretaceous?
Enrico Bonatti
p.  29
5. Supporting students' cognitive understanding of geologic time: A needed "revolution" in science education
Jeff Dodick
p.  31
6. A K–12 perspective on teaching and learning about geologic time
Malcolm Fenton
p.  35
7. Fostering a longer view of time is useful but not sufficient to change decisions and behaviors
Martha C. Monroe
p.  37
8. Teaching geologic events to understand geologic time
Ilyse Resnick, Kinnari Atit, and Thomas F. Shipley
p.  41

9. Mapping the domain of spatial thinking in the geosciences
Cathryn A. Manduca and Kim A. Kastens
p.  45
Thematic paper
10. The importance of spatial thinking for geoscience education: Insights from the crossroads of geoscience and cognitive science
Lynn S. Liben and Sarah J. Titus
p.  51
11. Spatial thinking and dimensionality
Cesar Delgado
p.  71
12. Some important aspects of spatial cognition in field geology
Stephen J. Reynolds
p.  75
13. Gender and geoscience specialization as a function of object and spatial visualization skills
M. Darby Dyar
p.  79
14. Two ways to help students with spatial thinking in geoscience
Nora S. Newcombe
p.  85
15. Finding the spatial in order to teach it
Karl Grossner
p.  87

16. Mapping the domain of complex earth systems in the geosciences
Cathryn A. Manduca and Kim A. Kastens
p.  91
Thematic paper
17. Complex systems in the geosciences and in geoscience learning
Neil Stillings
p.  97
18. Addressing complexity in weather: The human role in forecasting
Alan J. Bol and Timothy C. Spangler
p.  113
19. Understanding cause and effect in geosciences through systems modeling
Rudy Slingerland
p.  115
20. Mechaisms, causality, and explanations in complex geodynamic systems
Federica Raia
p.  117
21. The role of integration and abstraction in complex systems thinking across multiple contexts
Claudia Neuhauser
p.  121
22. Building new cognitive knowledge structures about complex systems: An illustration of a model activity
Mike Taber
p.  123

23. Mapping the domain of field-based teaching and learning in the geosciences
Kim A. Kastens and Cathryn A. Manduca
p.  125
Thematic paper
24. Learning in the field: Synthesis of research on thinking and learning in the geosciences
David W. Mogk and Charles Goodwin
p.  131
25. Afloat in the field
Kara Lavender Law
p.  165
26. The "field" through a different lens
Timothy C. Kenna, Margie Turrin, and Stephanie Pfirman
p.  167
27. Community mapping in geology education and research: How digital field methods empower student creation of accurate geologic maps
Steven J. Whitmeyer
p.  171
28. Demonstrating the unique benefits of field experiences
Jackie Huntoon
p.  175
29. Considering qualititative inquiry, sociocultural theories, and complexity in the study of field-based learning
Alison Stokes and Anthony Feig
p.  177
30. Situated and embodied learning in the field
Edwin Hutchins and Nan Renner
p.  181
31. Fostering knowledge integration in geoscience education
Kim A. Kastens and Cathryn A. Manduca
p.  183
Epilogue p.  207