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Table of Contents - Special Paper 490

Mima Mounds: The Case for Polygenesis and Bioturbation

Edited by Jennifer L. Horwath Burnham and Donald L. Johnson

Dedication v
Overview of concepts, definitions, and principles of soil mound studies
Donald L. Johnson and Jennifer L. Horwath Burnham
1. Using LIDAR to model Mima mound evolution and regional energy balances in the Great Central Valley, California
Sarah Reed and Ronald Amundson
2. “Pimple” mound microrelief in southern Saskatchewan, Canada
L. Lee-Ann Irvine and Janis E. Dale
3. Alpine and montane Mima mounds of the western United States
George W. Cox
4. The biodynamic significance of double stone layers in Mima mounds
Jennifer L. Horwath Burnham, Donald L. Johnson, and Diana N. Johnson
5. The forgotten natural prairie mounds of the Upper Midwest: Their abundance, distribution, origin, and archaeological implications
Fred A. Finney
6. The polygenetic origin of prairie mounds in northeastern California
Donald L. Johnson and Diana N. Johnson

Foreword to Appendix A
Donald L. Johnson, with assistance from Diana N. Johnson

Appendix A. The Late Wisconsin age of mounds on the Columbia Plateau of eastern Washington
Roald H. Fryxell
Appendix B. Early prairie mound observations by two celebrated geologists: Joseph LeConte and Grove Karl Gilbert
Donald L. Johnson
Appendix C. Literature-culled names for mounds and moundfields 179
Appendix D. Timeline of authors and theories offered to explain Mima mounds 185
Appendix E. References cited in Appendices C and D 190
Appendix F. Mima mound–related masters’ and doctoral theses, with a genetic and/or content précis of each 203